Pre-tax profit for the period ended September 30 came to £3.12bn, down from £3.45bn a year ago.
Conduct and litigation costs included a £1.4bn payment to the US Department of Justice to settle a lawsuit over claims Barclays misled investors over the quality of mortgage-backed securities they were sold in the lead up to the financial crisis, between 2005 2007. It also included £400mln to compensate customers who were mis-sold payment protection insurance (PPI).
Excluding litigation and conduct, pre-tax profit increased 23% to £5.27bn, boosted by an improvement in credit impairment charges, recoveries in wholesale banking and portfolio adjustments that were affected by the new IFRS 9 accounting standards, and a reduction in operating expenses.
Richard Hunter, head of markets at Interactive Investor, said: "The phrase 'excluding litigation and conduct' is peppered throughout the statement. Unfortunately, these charges affect the business and cannot be taken in isolation, given that they appear to be a regular feature."
Total income was little changed from the previous year at £16.06bn, with the Barclays UK division generating stable income of £5.52bn and Barclays International reporting a 2% drop in income to £10.81bn due to a decline in the consumer, cards and payments division.
For the three months to the end of September, pre-tax profit rose to £1.46bn from £1.11bn a year ago and net income was flat at £5.13bn.
Investment bank delivers profit growth, flat income
The under-pressure investment bank delivered a 9% increase in pre-tax profit to £2.5bn for the nine-month period, reflecting lower credit impairment charges, while income was broadly flat at £7.61bn with growth in markets offset by a decrease in banking.
Activist investor Edward Bramson, whose Sherborne Investors holds a 5.4% stake in Barclays, reportedly wants to shrink the investment bank and has said he wants a say in who replaces chairman John McFarlane.
"Given currency headwinds and a hint from Jes Staley that October has seen better banking revenues, the market is likely to give a cursory nod to the numbers.
"The recent volatility we have seen in global markets should also help out a bit with trading income at the investment bank, though questions will still linger, not least as activist investor Edward Bramson reportedly wants to shrink this division."
Margins decline amid tough competition in mortgage market
Like the rest of the banking sector, Barclays has also seen its margins weighed down by tough competition in the mortgage lending market. The group’s net interest margin declined 31 basis points to 3.24%.
Barclays ended September with a common equity tier 1 ratio – a measure of banks’ capital strength – of 13.2%, compared to 13.3% in December, dragged lower by litigation and conduct charges and dividends.
Barclays on track to meet ROTE targets
Return on tangible equity came to 11.1%, up from 0.8% last year, putting the lender on track to achieve its targets of more than 9% in 2019 and greater than 10% in 2020.
"In spite of macroeconomic uncertainty, and particularly concerns over Brexit which weigh heavily on market sentiment, 2018 is proving to be a year of delivery on our strategy at Barclays," said chief executive Jes Staley.
"We remain focused on generating improved returns, and on distributing a greater proportion of excess capital to shareholders over time."
Staley said Barclays still intends to pay a dividend for 2018 of 6.5p per share.
Shares rose 1.04% to 167p in morning trading.
SFO pressing for criminal charges to be reinstated against Barclays
The Serious Fraud office is pressing to get criminal charges reinstated against Barclays over its capital raising from Qatar investors during the financial crisis.
The bank was charged with conspiracy to commit fraud and the provision of unlawful assistance in 2017 related to the deal with investors Qatar Holding and Challenger Universal in 2008 but the case was thrown out by the Crown Court in May this year.
The SFO has made an application to the High Court in a bid to reinstate all dismissed charges.
Barclays said in its results statement that it was defending the application brought by the SFO.