Proactive Investors - Run By Investors For Investors

CVAs explained: What is a company voluntary arrangement?

Homebase has become the latest struggling company to turn to its creditors for help through what is called a company voluntary arrangement – but what is one of those?
businessman begging
Creditors usually agree to a CVA as getting some money back is better than getting nothing at all

A spate of high street retail failures over the past few months has seen the acronym CVA splashed across various newspapers and online articles.

Struggling DIY retailer Homebase is the most recent company to seek a CVA, but it is far from the first and unlikely to be the last.

READ: Homebase creditors back rescue deal

Among those on that list are Mothercare plc (LON:MTC), Carpetright PLC (LON:CPR), New Look, Jamie’s Italian, Byron Burger and Prezzo – all of whom have sought a CVA to try to keep their heads above water during what has been a difficult time for high street retailers and restaurants.

But what exactly is a CVA?

CVA stands for company voluntary arrangement and, in a nutshell, it is an offer by a struggling company to its creditors – usually landlords, banks, the tax man etc.

In a lengthy document, the company has to explain how it got itself into a mess, outline what assets it has as well as all of its liabilities – i.e. everything it owes – before offering a reduced payment plan.

Things that the firm will usually request include asking landlords to agree to reduce its rents or cancel the lease altogether, while banks might be asked to restructure repayments.

The company sends its CVA pack round to all of the people and organisations to whom it owes money, after which they vote on whether to accept the proposals or not.

Most creditors will approve a CVA

Generally speaking, creditors will agree to it. It can be painful for them but getting some of their money back over a period of time is better than getting nothing at all if the company goes bust.

Firms seeking a CVA need at least 75% of their creditors to say yes for it to be approved. In some cases, the largest creditor on the list is the owner, so they can almost wave it through on their own.

For the company itself, a CVA can rapidly improve cash flow and cut costs, while it also stops creditors attacking it through things like a winding-up petition.

For the directors of the struggling business, one of the key features of a CVA is that they get to stay in control of the company and don’t have to hand over control to an administrator or liquidator.

It also keeps the existing company intact so there is no need to go through the laborious process of setting up a new one.

For the creditors, it is generally seen as the ‘best option of a bad bunch’, in that they retain the customer and can get back some or most of what they are owed over time.

View full PROAC profile View Profile

Proactiveinvestors Timeline

Related Articles

July 05 2019
With over 1.6 billion people globally learning the language, Lingo has developed a SaaS platform that seamlessly blends education and technology
June 26 2019
Speaking in April, Next’s chief executive Tim Dyson said the company had “lots of scope” for acquisitions in the coming year
Live Company
July 05 2019
In June 2019 the company signed a five-year deal to create tours themed around properties owned by children’s television network Nickelodeon

© Proactive Investors 2019

Proactive Investors Limited, trading as “Proactiveinvestors United Kingdom”, is Authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.
Registered in England with Company Registration number 05639690. Group VAT registration number 872070825 FCA Registration number 559082. You can contact us here.

Market Indices, Commodities and Regulatory News Headlines copyright © Morningstar. Data delayed 15 minutes unless otherwise indicated. Terms of use