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viewTower Resources PLC

Preliminary Results to 31 December 2018

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RNS Number : 9943A
Tower Resources PLC
04 June 2019
 

 4 June 2019

 

Tower Resources plc

Preliminary Results to 31 December 2018

Tower Resources plc (the "Company" or "Tower" (TRP.L, TRP LN)), the AIM listed oil and gas company with its focus on Africa, announces its preliminary results for the 12 months ended 31 December 2018.

Highlights:

§ Thali PSC $1.2 million (2017: $431k) exploration and evaluation expenditure;

§ Publication of Cameroon Reserves Report by Oilfield International Limited;

§ Award of new Petroleum Agreement for an 80% operated interest in blocks 1910A, 1911 and 1912B, offshore Namibia, together with the National Petroleum Corporation of Namibia (NAMCOR);

§ Reduced loss before impairment of $1.0 million (2017: loss $1.6 million);

§ Impairment of Zambia licences totalling $2.8 million (2017: $nil); and

§ Cash balance at year-end of $331k (2017: $2.2 million).

 

Post-reporting period events:

 

§ Placing and subscription to raise £1.7 million (gross) at placing price of 1.00 pence per share;

§ Interim financing via a $750,000 Bridging Loan Facility.

 

Market Abuse Regulation (MAR) Disclosure

Certain information contained in this announcement would have been deemed inside information for the purposes of Article 7 of Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 until the release of this announcement.

 

Contacts

 

Tower Resources plc

+44 20 7157 9625 [email protected]

Jeremy Asher
Chairman and CEO

 


Andrew Matharu
VP - Corporate Affairs




SP Angel Corporate Finance LLP
Nominated Adviser

+44 20 3470 0470

 

Stuart Gledhill

Caroline Rowe

 

 

 

 

 

Turner Pope Investments (TPI) Limited
Joint Broker

Andy Thacker

 

+44 20 3621 4120

 

Whitman Howard Limited
Joint Broker

Nick Lovering

Hugh Rich

 

+44 20 7659 1234

 

Yellow Jersey PR Limited

+44 20 3735 8825

 

Tim Thompson

 

 

 

CHAIRMAN AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT

During 2018 we made considerable progress towards our goals, and the general state of our industry improved as well, despite a weakening in market sentiment during the last couple of months of the year. The challenge for the industry to maintain or increase production following the under-investment of the past few years, coupled with continuing uncertainty about some of the more politically sensitive sources of supply, have sustained oil price increases during 2018 and into the first few months of 2019, despite continuing worries about global slowdown and trade wars. Encouragingly, a number of recent discoveries have also reminded the industry of the value of exploration, which still forms a significant part of our portfolio, and Total's discovery at Brulpadda in South Africa, after the year-end, is especially relevant to our own adjoining license.

We made great progress on our Thali license in Cameroon in 2018, as discussed in the Operational Review below, and we are looking forward to the NJOM-3 well in 2019, and the prospect of reaching our first oil production from the Njonji structure in 2020. We were also delighted to enter a new petroleum agreement in Namibia in November 2018.

We did not raise any money in 2018, but in January 2019 we announced the appointment of Turner Pope Investments (TPI) Limited and Whitman Howard Limited as joint brokers and conducted a small placing of £1.7 million in January 2019. Both brokers have initiated research coverage of Tower, in February and April of 2019 respectively. We know that we need more funds to drill the NJOM-3 well and we believe we are now well advanced in raising those funds at the asset level. We raised a small bridging loan of $750,000 in April 2019 to assist in reaching that goal.

Finally, Graeme Thomson is retiring from the Board with effect from today, and both I and the rest of the Tower Board take this opportunity to thank him for his many years of service to the Company, first as CEO between 2012 and 2016, and then as a non-executive director and Chairman of our Audit Committee. We will be adding a new director to the Board and to the audit committee before the next audit cycle, and we will be fortunate to have an equally conscientious director in his place.

The year ahead will be crucial for our company in many ways. Realising our plan for the Thali license in Cameroon can transform us; and Namibia and South Africa are both attracting a lot of industry attention, especially since the Brulpadda discovery in South Africa and recent farm-in activity from Exxon and Tullow in Namibia. Your board of directors and management appreciate your support and are excited about the opportunities ahead.

STRATEGIC REPORT

Our strategy remains to shift our near-term focus towards lower risk exploration and development within proven basins, best characterised by our 2015 signature of the Thali PSC in the Rio Del Rey basin, offshore Cameroon. We have not abandoned high risk/reward exploration: we have a highly prospective license in South Africa, and we have also signed a new petroleum agreement in Namibia, covering blocks that we know well from our previous license. The Thali PSC also has a high reward upside in the deeper formations, which have not yet been tested by historical drilling. We continue to believe that all of our assets are attractive and valuable. But our strategy is to focus our current investment on the lower risk, earlier reward opportunities in Thali during this phase of the market cycle, before pursuing the other higher risk opportunities.

This strategy requires finding external finance at the asset level for our existing exploration commitments wherever possible, which is why we took the decision some time ago to convert our working interest in the SADR to a royalty interest, and why we are now supporting our partner and operator, NewAge Energy Algoa (Pty) Ltd (50%), in seeking a farm-in partner for our Algoa-Gamtoos block in South Africa. Our financial strategy remains to explore asset-level financing even for assets that we could also finance with our own equity, to achieve the most economic financing for each asset and the best value for shareholders.

As an operator, we believe that the scale of local operations is also important to create savings and synergies across blocks in the same basin. To some extent this can be achieved and reinforced through good relations with other local operators but controlling multiple blocks oneself is the most obvious way to achieve such synergies (where they can be found) to the benefit of one's host nation, one's partners, and one's investors alike. To this end, we are continuing to discuss a further PSC in Cameroon even while undertaking development of our existing one.

Keeping overhead costs appropriately low, and managing operating costs well, are always important, but especially so in this phase of the market cycle. We have always sought to keep fixed costs down, and total costs flexible, through outsourcing important functions such as our technical-subsurface relationship with the EPI Group, and we have reduced our corporate costs substantially since 2016, as our 2017 and 2018 figures confirm.

OPERATIONAL REVIEW

On an operational level, we have had a very busy year and activity has only stepped up since the year-end.

In Cameroon, we have completed the reprocessing of the 3D seismic data over our Thali license in the shallow offshore, and the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment ("ESIA") required before we can begin drilling at Thali. We also commissioned and received a Reserve Report from Oilfield International Ltd (OIL) based on the reprocessed seismic data and some further analysis, and this has provided us with both an external estimate of the 2C contingent resources in the Njonji structure in our Thali license, and also the prospective resources in that Njonji structure and elsewhere in the license. The Reserve Report has also included an economic evaluation of those resources. In summary, the main conclusions of the Reserve Report included:

§   Gross mean contingent resources of 18 MMbbls of oil across the proven Njonji-1 and Njonji-2 fault blocks (with low/best/high estimates of 5/15/34MMbbls) and with a development contingency probability of 80% on first phase and 70% on second phase; 

§   Gross mean prospective resources of 20 MMbbls of oil across the Njonji South and Njonji South-West fault blocks (with low/best/high estimates of 5/16/39 MMbbls);

§   Gross mean prospective resources of 111 MMbbls of oil across four identified prospects located in the Dissoni South and Idenao areas in the northern part of the Thali licence (with low/best/high estimates of 21/84/237 MMbbls);

§   Calculated EMV10s of US$118 million for the contingent resources, and US$82 million for the prospective resources, respectively.

Following this work, we received an extension of the current first exploration phase of our license, to September 2019, and we contracted with Vantage to charter the Topaz Driller jack-up rig to drill the NJOM-3 well on the Njonji structure during that extension.  This is planned to be the first in a four-well phase of work to place the reservoirs in Njonji into an extended well test, beginning in the first renewal period of the license. We hope this well test will commence in 2020 and will mark our first substantial production of oil.

Since the year-end, we have completed the well engineering, ordered long lead items, and retained Bedrock Drilling, who managed the two wells on the Etinde block in Cameroon, also using the Topaz Driller, to manage this well. We have also now selected the full suite of contractors to provide services for the well including the test programme. The Topaz Driller is currently scheduled to move to the site in July.

In Zambia, we were frustrated by the slow progress of the new petroleum legislation, which has prevented us from agreeing a further work programme in respect of blocks 40 and 41. In light of this, we made the decision to write off our investment in Zambia during 2018, as reflected in our Interim Report. The present position is that our license obligations have been paid up to date, and we continue discussions with the Zambian Government, but we have not yet agreed a basis for moving forward.

In Namibia, we negotiated a new petroleum agreement in respect of blocks 1910A, 1911 and 1912B, covering 23,297km2 in the Walvis Basin and Dolphin Graben. This is an under-explored region in which recent drilling results have proven the presence of a working oil-prone petroleum system and good quality turbidite and carbonate reservoirs. This is also an area that we know well, since blocks 1910A and 1911 formed part of Tower's original licence PEL0010, which Tower and its partners in that license, Repsol Exploration (Namibia) (Pty) Limited and Arcadia Expro Namibia (Pty) Ltd, relinquished in 2015. The current agreement is structured to comprise an Initial Exploration Period of four years (which may be extended to five in appropriate circumstances), followed by options for Tower and its partners to enter a First and Second Renewal Period of two years each. The work programme for the Initial Exploration Period comprises regional play fairway evaluation and acreage high-grading activities. Namibia has seen considerable commercial and operational activity, with the Cormorant and Prospect S wells being drilled by Tullow and Chariot respectively in the last quarter of 2018, and more recently Exxon and Tullow farming into several blocks since the year-end.

In South Africa, our co-venturer and operator NewAge has been conducting further studies on the considerable amount of 2D and 3D data that we have on the leads and prospects in the three basins that are present in our Algoa-Gamtoos license, while also waiting for the result of Total's Brulpadda well which was drilled on the license adjoining ours to the West, on a deepwater prospect in the Outeniqua basin. This basin is one of the three present in the license, so we were delighted to see, after the year-end, that Total has made a substantial, 1 billion boe gas/condensate discovery. NewAge is presently conducting a farm-out process, with the aim of bringing in an additional co-venturer before we begin the next two-year renewal phase of the license, which will involve further 3D seismic data acquisition and processing. Since the year-end, NewAge also updated its estimates of resources on the Algoa Gamtoos license, which now comprise unrisked mean prospective resources of 664 million boe recoverable from five leads and prospects in the Algoa, Gamtoos and Outeniqua basins, including a potential 364 million boe Deep Albian structure, analogous to Brulpadda in the Outeniqua Basin Slope.

 

PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2018

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2018



31 December 2018
(audited)


31 December 2017
(audited)


Note

$


$

Revenue


-


-

Cost of sales


-


-

Gross profit


-


-

Other administrative expenses


(1,007,474)


(1,594,725)

Pre-licence expenditures


(4,829)


(18,092)

Impairment of exploration and evaluation assets

12

(2,813,413)


-

Total administrative expenses


(3,825,716)


(1,612,817)

Group operating loss

4

(3,825,716)


(1,612,817)

Finance income


1,636


113

Finance expense

6

2,397


(2,773)

Loss for the year before taxation


(3,821,683)


(1,615,477)

Taxation

7

-


-

Loss for the year after taxation


(3,821,683)


(1,615,477)

Other comprehensive income


-


-

Total comprehensive expense for the year


(3,821,683)


(1,615,477)






Basic loss per share (USc)

10

(1.02c)


(1.07c)

Diluted loss per share (USc)

10

(1.02c)


(1.07c)

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2018


Share
capital

Share
premium

1 Share-based
payments
reserve

Retained
losses

Total


$

$

$

$

$

At 1 January 2017

12,016,201

142,577,203

6,227,301

(140,354,094)

20,466,611

Shares issued for cash net of costs

3,235,379

-

-

-

3,235,379

Shares issued on settlement of third party fees

306,515

(215,674)

-

-

90,841

Share option charge for the year

-

-

160,107

-

160,107

Total comprehensive expense for the year

-

-

-

(1,615,477)

(1,615,477)

At 31 December 2017

15,558,095

142,361,529

6,387,408

(141,969,571)

22,337,461

Shares issued on settlement of third party fees

41,531

14,788

-

-

56,319

Share option charge for the year

-

-

137,184

-

137,184

Total comprehensive expense for the year

-

-

-

(3,821,683)

(3,821,683)

At 31 December 2018

15,599,626

142,376,317

6,524,592

(145,791,254)

18,709,281

 

1 The share-based payment reserve has been included within the retained loss reserve and is a non-distributable reserve.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION

AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2018



31 December 2018
(audited)

31 December 2017
(audited)


Note

$

$

Non-current assets




Property, plant and equipment

11

-

940

Exploration and evaluation assets

12

19,646,399

21,113,980



19,646,399

21,114,920

Current assets




Trade and other receivables

14

23,979

123,968

Cash and cash equivalents


331,395

2,151,476



355,374

2,275,444

Total assets


20,001,773

23,390,364

Current liabilities




Trade and other payables

15

1,292,492

1,052,903

Total liabilities


1,292,492

1,052,903

Net assets


18,709,281

22,337,461

Equity




Share capital

16

15,599,626

15,558,095

Share premium

16

142,376,317

142,361,529

Retained losses

17

(139,266,662)

(135,582,163)

Total shareholders' equity


18,709,281

22,337,461

 

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2018



31 December 2018
(audited)

31 December 2017
(audited)


Note

$

$

Cash outflow from operating activities




Group operating loss for the year


(3,825,716)

(1,612,817)

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment

11

549

840

Share-based payments

20

137,184

160,107

Impairment of intangible exploration and evaluation assets

12

2,813,414

-

Loss on disposal of of property, plant and equipment

11

391

53,551

Operating cash flow before changes in working capital


(874,178)

(1,398,319)

(Increase) / decrease in receivables and prepayments


99,989

420,223

Increase / (decrease) in trade and other payables


239,589

(333,260)

Cash used in operations


(534,600)

(1,311,356)

Interest received


1,636

113

Cash used in operating activities


(532,964)

(1,311,243)

Investing activities




Exploration and evaluation costs

12

(1,345,833)

(649,009)

Net cash used in investing activities


(1,345,833)

(649,009)

Financing activities




Cash proceeds from issue of ordinary share capital net of issue costs

16

56,319

3,326,221

Finance costs

6

2,397

(2,773)

Net cash from financing activities


58,716

3,323,448

(Decrease) / increase in cash and cash equivalents


(1,820,081)

1,363,196

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year


2,151,476

788,280

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year


331,395

2,151,476

                       

NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.       Accounting policies

a)         General information        

Tower Resources plc is a public company incorporated in the United Kingdom under the UK Companies Act. The address of the registered office is 140 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 9SA. The Company and the Group are engaged in the exploration for oil and gas.

These financial statements are presented in US dollars as this is the currency in which the majority of the Group's expenditures are transacted and the functional currency of the Company.

b)        Basis of accounting and adoption of new and revised standards

i               New and amended standards adopted by the Group:

No standards adopted this year had a material effect on the Group or Company financial statements.

ii              Standards, amendments and interpretations, which are effective for reporting periods beginning after the date of these financial statements which have not been adopted early:

Standard

Description

Effective date

EU Endorsement Status

IFRS 16

Leases

1 January 2019

Endorsed

IFRIC 23

Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments

1 January 2019

Endorsed

The Directors have not fully assessed the impact of all standards but do not expect them to have a material impact.

c)         Going concern

The Group will need to raise further funds within the next 12 months or agree a farm out or other transaction involving one or more of the Group's licences, in order to meet its liabilities as they fall due, particularly with respect to the forthcoming drilling programme in Cameroon. The Directors believe that there are a number of options available to them through either, or a combination of, capital markets, farm-outs or asset disposals with respect to raising these funds. There can, however, be no guarantee that the required funds may be raised or transactions completed within the necessary timeframes which raises uncertainty as to the application of going concern in these accounts. Having assessed the risks attached to these uncertainties on a probabilistic basis, the Directors are confident that they can raise sufficient finance in a timely manner and therefore believe that the application of going concern is both appropriate and correct.

d)        Basis of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements incorporate the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries and have been prepared by using the principles of acquisition accounting ("the purchase method") which includes the results of the subsidiaries from their date of acquisition. Intra-group sales, profits and balances are eliminated fully on consolidation.

The results of subsidiaries acquired or disposed of are included in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income from the effective date of acquisition or up to the effective date of disposal, as appropriate.

Where necessary, adjustments are made to the financial statements of subsidiaries to bring the accounting policies used into line with those used by the Group. All intra-group transactions, balances, income and expenses are eliminated on consolidation.

As a Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income is published, a separate Statement of Comprehensive Income for the Parent Company has not been published in accordance with section 408 of the Companies Act 2006.

e)        Goodwill

Goodwill is the difference between the amount paid on acquisition of subsidiary undertakings and the aggregate fair value of their net assets, of which oil and gas exploration expenditure is the primary asset. Goodwill is capitalised as an intangible asset and in accordance with IFRS3 'Business Combinations' is not amortised but tested for impairment annually and when there are indications that its carrying value is not recoverable. Goodwill is shown at cost less any provision for impairment in value. If a subsidiary undertaking is sold, any unimpaired goodwill arising on its acquisition is reflected in the calculation of any profit or loss on sale.

f)         Jointly controlled operations

Jointly controlled operations are arrangements in which the Group holds an interest on a long-term basis which are jointly controlled by the Group and one or more ventures under a contractual arrangement. The Group's exploration, development and production activities are sometimes conducted jointly with other companies in this way. Since these arrangements do not constitute entities in their own right, the consolidated financial statements reflect the relevant proportion of costs, revenues, assets and liabilities applicable to the Group's interests.

g)         Oil and Gas Exploration and Evaluation Expenditure

Costs incurred before the acquisition of a license or permit to explore an area are expensed to the income statement.

All exploration and evaluation costs incurred following a license or permit to explore being obtained or acquired on the acquisition of a subsidiary are capitalised in respect of each identifiable project area. These costs are classified as intangible assets and are only carried forward to the extent that they are expected to be recouped through the successful development of the area or where activities in the area have not yet reached a stage which permits reasonable assessment of the existence of economically recoverable reserves (successful efforts).

Costs incurred by Directors' and employees of the parent Company on the exploration activities are recharged to the subsidiaries and capitalised as exploration assets accordingly.

Other costs are written off unless commercial reserves have been established or the determination process has not been completed. Accumulated costs in relation to an abandoned area are written off in full against profit in the year in which the decision to abandon the area is made.

When production commences the accumulated costs for the relevant area of interest are transferred from intangible assets to tangible assets as 'Developed Oil and Gas Assets' and amortised over the life of the area according to the rate of depletion of the economically recoverable costs.

h)        Impairment of Oil and Gas Exploration and Evaluation assets

The carrying value of unevaluated areas is assessed when there has been an indication that impairment in value may have occurred. The impairment of unevaluated prospects is assessed based on the Directors' intention with regard to future exploration and development of individual significant areas and the ability to obtain funds to finance such exploration and development.

i)          Decommissioning costs

Where a material liability for the removal of production facilities and site restoration at the end of the field life exists, a provision for decommissioning is made. The amount recognised is the present value of estimated future expenditure determined in accordance with local conditions and requirements. An asset of an amount equivalent to the provision is also created and depreciated on a unit of production basis. Changes in estimates are recognised prospectively, with corresponding adjustments to the provision and the associated asset.

j)          Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment is stated at cost less depreciation. Depreciation is provided at rates calculated to write off the cost less estimated residual value of each asset over its expected useful life as follows:

Computers and equipment, fixtures, fittings and equipment: straight line over 4 years

Leasehold and office refurbishment costs: over duration of lease

The assets' residual values and useful lives are reviewed and adjusted if necessary at each year-end. Profits or losses on disposals of plant and equipment are determined by comparing the sale proceeds with the carrying amount and are included in the statement of comprehensive income. Items are reviewed for impairment if and when events indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its recoverable amount which is the higher of an asset's net selling price and value in use.

k)         Investments

The Parent Company's investments in subsidiary companies are stated at cost less any provision for impairment and are shown in the Company's Statement of Financial Position.

l)          Share-based payments

The Company makes share-based payments to certain Directors, employees and consultants by the issue of share options or warrants. The fair value of these payments is calculated either using the Black Scholes option pricing model or by reference to the fair value of the remuneration settled by way of the grant of such options or warrants. The expense is recognised on a straight-line basis over the period from the date of award to the date of vesting, based on the Company's best estimate of shares that will eventually vest.

m)       Foreign currency translation

i            Functional and presentational currency

Items included in the financial statements are shown in the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates ("the functional currency") which is considered by the Directors to be the U.S Dollar. The exchange rate at 31 December 2018 was £1 / $ 1.2746 (2017: £1 / $1.3494).

ii           Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at year-end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the statement of comprehensive income.

Transactions in the accounts of individual Group companies are recorded at the rate of exchange ruling on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the rates ruling at the year-end. All differences are taken to the statement of comprehensive income.

n)        Taxation

i            Current tax

The tax currently payable is based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from net profit as reported in the statement of comprehensive income because it excludes items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible on other years and it further excludes items that are never taxable or deductible. The Group's liability for current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the reporting date.

ii              Deferred taxation

Deferred income taxes are provided in full, using the liability method, for all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred income taxes are determined using tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realised or the related deferred income tax liability is settled.

The principal temporary differences arise from depreciation or amortisation charged on assets and tax losses carried forward. Deferred tax assets relating to the carry forward of unused tax losses are recognised to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the unused tax losses can be utilised.

o)        Financial instruments

The Group's Financial Instruments comprise of cash and cash equivalents, loans and receivables. There are no other categories of financial instrument.

i               Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents are carried at cost and comprise cash in hand, cash at bank, deposits held at call with banks, and other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

ii              Receivables

Receivables are measured at amortised cost unless the time value of money is immaterial. A provision for impairment of receivables is established when there is objective evidence that the Group will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the original terms of the receivables. The amount of the provision is the difference between the assets' carrying amount and the recoverable amount. Provisions for impairment of receivables are included in the statement of comprehensive income.

iii             Payables

Payables are recognised initially at fair values and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

p)        Financial liabilities and equity

Financial liabilities and equity instruments are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into. An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the asset of the Group after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the Company are recorded at the proceeds received net of direct issue costs.

q)        Share capital

Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Proceeds received from the issue of ordinary shares above the nominal value are classified as Share Premium. Costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares are shown in equity as a deduction from the Share Premium account.

r)            Provisions

Provisions are recognised when the Group has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that the Group would be required to settle that obligation. Provisions are measured at the managements' best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the obligation at the reporting date and are discounted to present value where the effect is material.

s)            Segment reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision makers. The chief operating decision makers have been identified as the executive Board members.

2.            Critical accounting judgements and key sources of estimation uncertainty

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards requires the use of accounting estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on managements' best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results ultimately may differ from those estimates. IFRS also require management to exercise its judgement in the process of applying the Group's accounting policies.

The prime areas involving a higher degree of judgement or complexity, where assumptions and estimates are significant to the financial statements, are as follows:

Recoverability of inter-company balances

Determining whether inter-company balances are impaired requires an estimation of whether there are any indications that their carrying values are not recoverable details of which are included in note 13.

Impairment of capitalised exploration and evaluation expenditure

The future recoverability of capitalised exploration and evaluation expenditure is dependent on a number of factors, including whether it successfully recovers the related exploration and evaluation asset through sale. Factors which could impact the future recoverability include the level of proved, probable and inferred resources, future technological changes which could impact the cost of drilling and extraction, future legal changes (including changes to environmental restoration obligations), changes to commodity prices and licence renewal dates and commitments.

To the extent that capitalised exploration and evaluation expenditure is determined to be irrecoverable in the future, this will reduce profits and net assets in the period in which this determination is made. In addition, exploration and evaluation expenditure is capitalised if activities in the area of interest have not yet reached a stage which permits reasonable assessment of the existence or otherwise of economically recoverable reserves. To the extent that it is determined in the future that this capitalised expenditure should be written off, this will reduce profits and net assets in the period in which this determination is made. Details of impairments of capitalised exploration and evaluation expenditure are included in note 12.

VAT receivable

The future ability of the Group to recover UK VAT is currently the subject of a dispute with HMRC and has been appealed to the Tribunal for determination. Whilst the Group believes that it has complied in all material respects with UK VAT legislation, there can be no certainty that it will be successful in its legal appeal against HMRC's decision to withhold future amounts claimed from them. If the Group fails in its appeal against HMRCs decision, it will be deregistered for VAT and unable to recover the VAT charged to it by UK suppliers. This would increase the UK element of its cost base accordingly. The Directors have made the judgement that the certainty over the Group's continued UK VAT registration status cannot be guaranteed and have therefore provided against the VAT payables in note 15.

Capital markets / going concern

The group relies on the UK equities market and the market for equity participations in oil and gas exploration assets in order to raise the funds required to operate as a listed entity and complete the respective work programmes for its oil and gas exploration assets. From time to time general economic and market conditions may deteriorate to a point where it is not possible to raise equity finance to fund exploration projects, nor debt to develop projects.

Additional financing may therefore not be available to the Group restricting the scope of operations, risking both its long-term expansion programme, its obligations under contracts which may be withdrawn or terminated for non-compliance and ultimately the financial stability of the Group to continue as a going concern.

Please see note 1 (c) for a more detailed discussion of going concern matters.

Share-based payment transactions

The Group measures the cost of equity-settled transactions with employees by reference to the fair value of the equity instruments at the date at which they are granted. The fair value is determined either by using the Black Scholes model or by reference to the value of the fees or remuneration settled by way of granting of warrants. Details of share-based payment transactions are included in note 20.

3.            Operating segments

The Group has two reportable operating segments: Africa and Head Office. Non-current assets and operating liabilities are located in Africa, whilst the majority of current assets are carried at Head Office. The Group has not yet commenced production and therefore has no revenue. Each reportable segment adopts the same accounting policies. In compliance with IFRS 8 'Operating Segments' the following table reconciles the operational loss and the assets and liabilities of each reportable segment with the consolidated figures presented in these Financial Statements, together with comparative figures for the year-ended 31 December 2018.


Africa

Head Office

Total


2018

2017

2018

2017

2018

2017


$

$

$

$

$

$

Administrative expenses 1

(2,845,729)

(380,526)

(837,425)

(1,053,252)

(3,683,154)

(1,433,778)

Pre-licence expenditures

-

(127)

(4,829)

(17,965)

(4,829)

(18,092)

Share-based payment charges

-

-

(137,184)

(160,107)

(137,184)

(160,107)

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment

-

-

(549)

(840)

(549)

(840)

Interest income

-

-

1,636

113

1,636

113

Financing costs

(991)

(798)

3,388

(1,975)

2,397

(2,773)

Loss by reportable segment

(2,846,720)

(381,451)

(974,963)

(1,234,026)

(3,821,683)

(1,615,477)

Total assets by reportable segment 2 / 3

19,653,744

21,263,089

348,029

2,127,275

20,001,773

23,390,364

Total liabilities by reportable segment 4

(359)

(360)

(1,292,133)

(1,052,543)

(1,292,492)

(1,052,903)

1 Administrative expenses include $2.8 million (2017: $nil million) of intangible exploration and evaluation asset impairments in relation to the Africa segment.

2 Included within total assets of $20.1 million (2017: $23.4 million) are $6.9 million (2017: $5.7 million) Cameroon, $nil (2017: $2.8 million) Zambia, $5k (2017: $nil)  Namibia and $12.7 million (2017: $12.7 million) South Africa.

3 Carrying amounts of segment assets exclude investments in subsidiaries.

4 Carrying amounts of segment liabilities exclude intra-group financing.

4.            Loss from operations

Loss from operations is stated after charging/(crediting):



Total





2018

2017





$

$

Share-based payment charges




137,184

160,107

Staff costs




106,983

327,286

Rental of properties




-

78,815

Loss on foreign currencies




(48,694)

(114,581)

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment




549

840

Impairment of exploration and evaluation assets




2,813,413

-







An analysis of auditor's remuneration is as follows:





Fees payable to the Group's auditors for the audit of the Group and subsidiary annual accounts

40,786

51,447

Fees payable to the Group's auditors for non-audit assurance services



4,843

23,981

Total audit fees




45,629

75,428

 

During the year the Company impaired assets totalling $2.8 million (2017: $Nil) in accordance with IAS 36 "Impairment of Assets" in Zambia. Full details of the impairment are provided in note 12.

5.            Employee information

The average monthly number of employees of the Group (including Directors) was:




2018

2017

Head office



4

4

Africa



3

3




7

7

 

Group employee costs during the year (including executive Directors) amounted to:




2018

2017




$

$

Wages and salaries



92,300

287,544

Social security costs



14,683

39,742

Share-based payment charges



134,575

160,107




241,558

487,393

 

No bonuses were paid to Directors or employees during the year.

Key management personnel include the executive and non-executive Directors whose remuneration, including non-cash share-based payment charges of $134k (2017: $279k), was $231k (2017: $340k); see Directors' Report for additional detail. During the year $134k (2017: $160k) of the full-year share-based payment charge of $137k (2017: $160k) related to employees.

A portion of the Group's staff costs and associated overheads are expensed as pre-licence expenditure or capitalised where they are directly attributable to on-going capital projects. In 2018 this portion amounted to $nil (2017: $59k).

6.            Finance costs

During the period covered by these financial statements the Group incurred costs of $3k (2017: $3k). The Company incurred costs of $2k (2017: $2k).

 

7.            Taxation





2018

2017





$

$

Current tax






UK Corporation tax




-

-

Total current tax charge




-

-

The tax charge for the period can be reconciled to the loss for the year as follows:




Group loss before tax




3,821,682

1,615,476

Tax at the UK Corporation tax rate of 19% (2017: 19.3%)



(726,120)

(311,786)

Tax effects of:






Expenses not deductible for tax purposes




560,613

30,901

Tax losses carried forward not recognised as a deferred tax asset



165,507

280,885

Current tax charge




-

-

 

8.            Deferred tax

At the reporting date the Group had an unrecognised deferred tax asset of $3.3 million (2017: $3.2 million) relating to unused tax losses. No deferred tax asset has been recognised due to the uncertainty of future profit streams against which these losses could be utilised.

9.            Parent company income statement

For the year-ended 31 December 2018 the Parent Company incurred a loss of $3.5 million (2017: $1.0 million) including the financing costs of $2k (2017: $2k) referred to in note 6, the share-based payments charge of $137k (2017: $160k) and impairment provisions against the investments in its operating subsidiaries and intercompany loans to them of $3.2 million (2017: $598k). The Company charged finance interest on intercompany loan accounts of $636k (2017: $828k) and fees with respect to the provision of strategic advice and support of $34k (2017: $35k). In accordance with the provisions of Section 408 of the Companies Act 2006, the Parent Company has not presented a statement of comprehensive income.

 

10.          Loss per share

The diluted weighted average number of shares in issue and to be issued is 376,252,213 (2017: 150,419,536). The diluted loss per share has been kept the same as the basic loss per share because the conversion of share options and share warrants would decrease the basic loss per share and is thus anti-dilutive.





2018

2017





$

$

Loss for the year




3,821,683

1,615,477

Weighted average number of ordinary shares in issue during the year



376,252,213

150,419,536

Dilutive effect of share options outstanding




-

-

Fully diluted average number of ordinary shares during the year



376,252,213

150,419,536

Loss per share (USc)




1.02c

1.07c

 

11.          Property, plant and equipment



Group

Company

Year-ended 31 December 2018


$

$

Cost




At 1 January 2018


3,368

3,368

Eliminated on disposal


(2,322)

(2,322)

At 31 December 2018


1,046

1,046

Depreciation




At 1 January 2018


2,428

2,428

Eliminated on disposal


(1,931)

(1,931)

Charge for the year


549

549

At 31 December 2018


1,046

1,046

Net book value




At 31 December 2018


-

-

At 31 December 2017


940

940

 



Group

Company

Year-ended 31 December 2017


$

$

Cost




At 1 January 2017


326,185

91,676

Eliminated on disposal


(322,817)

(88,308)

At 31 December 2017


3,368

3,368

Depreciation




At 1 January 2017


270,854

36,345

Eliminated on disposal


(269,266)

(34,757)

Charge for the year


840

840

At 31 December 2017


2,428

2,428

Net book value




At 31 December 2017


940

940

At 31 December 2016


55,331

55,331

 

12.          Intangible Exploration and Evaluation (E&E) assets



Exploration and evaluation assets

Goodwill

Total

Year-ended 31 December 2018


$

$

$

Cost





At 1 January 2018


90,309,028

8,023,292

98,332,320

Additions during the year


1,345,833

-

1,345,833

At 31 December 2018


91,654,861

8,023,292

99,678,153

Amortisation and impairment





At 1 January 2018


(69,195,048)

(8,023,292)

(77,218,340)

Impairment during the year


(2,813,414)

-

(2,813,414)

At 31 December 2018


(72,008,462)

(8,023,292)

(80,031,754)

Net book value





At 31 December 2018


19,646,399

-

19,646,399

At 31 December 2017


21,113,980

-

21,113,980

 



Exploration and evaluation assets

Goodwill

Total

Year-ended 31 December 2017


$

$

$

Cost





At 1 January 2017


124,684,401

8,023,292

132,707,693

Additions during the year


649,009

-

649,009

Disposals during the year


(35,024,382)

-

(35,024,382)

At 31 December 2017


90,309,028

8,023,292

98,332,320

Amortisation and impairment





At 1 January 2017


(104,219,430)

(8,023,292)

(112,242,722)

Disposals during the year


35,024,382

-

35,024,382

At 31 December 2017


(69,195,048)

(8,023,292)

(77,218,340)

Net book value





At 31 December 2017


21,113,980

-

21,113,980

At 31 December 2016


20,464,971

-

20,464,971

 

During the year the Group capitalised amounts totalling $1.3 million (2017: $649k) with respect to the following assets:




2018

2017




$

$

Cameroon



1,214,414

430,055

Namibia



4,697

-

Zambia



16,297

22,949

South Africa



110,425

196,005

Total



1,345,833

649,009

 

In Cameroon the $1.2 million comprised the costs of reprocessing existing legacy seismic data, NJOM3 well planning and running the Cameroon office.

Activities in Zambia have been limited to licence maintenance while a hiatus remains in-place pending confirmation by Government of the new fiscal regime. In South Africa Rift Petroleum Limited, Tower's wholly owned subsidiary, an agreement has been made with Operator with respect to offsetting the balance of costs held on account totalling $110k following the withdrawal from the Orange Basin licence against any and all licence costs for Algoa-Gamtoos in 2018. This represents a material saving for the Group during the period, however, it will need to pay its proportionate share of expenditures on the licence from 1 January 2019.

On 7 November 2018, the Group announced the completion of its applications for licences 1910A, 1911 and 1912B offshore Namibia, the subsequent modest costs  for which have been capitalised in line with Group policy.

In accordance with the Group's accounting policies and IFRS 6 the Directors' have reviewed each of the exploration license areas for indications of impairment. Having done so, it was concluded that a full impairment review was only deemed necessary with respect to Blocks 40 and 41 in Zambia. It was however, noted that given the nature of these assets this process is inherently judgmental as it requires the Directors to place a value on exploration projects that by definition are not in the development stage and are not therefore cash generating units.

The Directors have not provided for any impairment of the Company's investment in the Thali license, because potential transactions and funding discussions with third parties support the Directors' view that the current carrying value is recoverable.

In South Africa in August 2018, Tower's wholly-owned subsidiary, Rift Petroleum Limited ("Rift") and its partner, New African Global Energy SA (Pty) Ltd, agreed to enter the next phase of the Algoa-Gamtoos licence, the net commitment for which was approximately $2.5 million to Tower for 2019 and beyond and is disclosed in note 19. The next phase will commence once PASA, the South African Government hydrocarbons agency, ratifies the renewal which it has not yet done, however, all licence commitments for the preceding phase were met and the renewal is merely a matter of due process.

In the case of the Group's Zambian license, the Directors continue to await the review of the country's petroleum law and have  not yet agreed with the Government of Zambia the next phase of work, if any, in respect of Blocks 40 and 41. This uncertainty has led the Directors to fully impair amounts totalling $2.8 million (2017: $nil million) in accordance with IAS 36 "Impairment of Assets" due to the lack of clarity regarding both future work programme and the fiscal terms.

13.          Investment in subsidiaries




Loans to subsidiary undertakings

Shares in subsidiary undertakings

Total

Company



$

$

$

Cost






At 1 January 2018



72,455,598

37,519,722

109,975,320

Net advances during the year



1,907,425

-

1,907,425

At 31 December 2018



74,363,023

37,519,722

111,882,745

Provision for impairment





-

At 1 January 2018



(61,536,711)

(19,908,973)

(81,445,684)

Provision for impairment



(3,189,534)

-

(3,189,534)

At 31 December 2018



(64,726,245)

(19,908,973)

(84,635,218)

Net book value





-

At 31 December 2018



9,636,778

17,610,749

27,247,527

At 31 December 2017



10,918,887

17,610,749

28,529,636

 

Included within loans made to subsidiary undertakings during the year of $1.9 million are amounts of $1.4 million Cameroon (2017: $1.6 million) and $393k (2017: $379k) Namibia.

Loans made by the parent company to subsidiary undertakings are interest-bearing in accordance with loan agreements made in 2015, and are repayable to the parent company on demand.

The subsidiary undertakings at the year-end are as follows (these undertakings are included in the Group accounts):


Country of

Class of

Proportion of voting rights held

Nature of business


incorporation

shares held


2017

2017

2017

2016

2017

Tower Resources Cameroon Limited 1

England & Wales

Ordinary

100%

100%

Holding company

Tower Resources Cameroon SA 2

Cameroon

Ordinary

100%

100%

Oil and gas exploration

Rift Petroleum Holdings Limited 1

Isle of Man

Ordinary

100%

100%

Holding company

Rift Petroleum Limited 3

Zambia

Ordinary

100%

100%

Oil and gas exploration

Rift Petroleum Limited 3

Isle of Man

Ordinary

100%

100%

Oil and gas exploration

Tower Resources (Kenya) Limited 1

England & Wales

Ordinary

100%

100%

Oil and gas exploration

Tower Resources (Namibia) Limited 1

England & Wales

Ordinary

100%

100%

Holding company

Tower Resources Namibia Limited 4

British Virgin Islands

Ordinary

100%

100%

Oil and gas exploration

Wilton Petroleum Limited 1/5

England & Wales

Ordinary

100%

100%

Oil and gas exploration

Tower Resources (UK) Limited 1

England & Wales

Ordinary

100%

100%

Holding company

1 Held directly by the Company, Tower Resources plc






2 Held directly or indirectly through Tower Resources Cameroon Limited






3 Held directly or indirectly through Rift Petroleum Holdings Limited






4 Held directly or indirectly through Tower Resources (Namibia) Limited






5 In liquidation







 

14.          Trade and other receivables


Group

Company


2018

2017

2018

2017


$

$

$

$

Trade and other receivables

23,979

123,968

23,977

13,541

 

15.          Trade and other payables


Group

Company


2018

2017

2018

2017


$

$

$

$

Trade and other payables

1,246,863

999,331

1,246,506

998,971

Accruals

45,629

53,572

45,629

53,572

Loans from subsidiary undertakings

-

-

6,617,600

6,617,600


1,292,492

1,052,903

7,909,735

7,670,143

 

Included within trade and other payables are amounts totalling $1.1 million / £843k (2017: $965k / £715k) with respect to UK VAT payable.

HMRC have issued assessments totalling £843k excluding interest and penalties. This was appealed and referred to the first-tier tribunal, in which regard a hearing took place at the end of May 2019, and a first-instance decision is awaited in due course.

The Company continues to firmly believe that it has complied in all material respects with UK VAT legislation. Based on discussions with its advisors, the Company understands that the strength of HMRC's claim over the £843k is subject to legal interpretation.

Taking into consideration the uncertainty regarding the appeal on the withholding of the original receivable and the assessment of £843k, the Company has made full provision for the HMRC assessment.

Group creditor payment days are approximately 28 days (2017: 35 days).

16.          Share capital




2018

2017




$

$

Authorised, called up, allotted and fully paid





377,335,427 (2017: 374,270,520) ordinary shares of 1.0p


15,599,626

15,558,095

 

The share capital issues during 2018 are summarised as follows:




Number of shares

Share capital at nominal value

Share premium





$

$

 At 1 January 2018



374,270,520

15,558,095

142,361,529

 Shares issued in lieu of fees payable



3,064,907

41,531

18,690

 Share issue costs



-

-

(3,902)

 At 31 December 2018



377,335,427

15,599,626

142,376,317

 

The shares issued in lieu of fees payable were issued in May 2018 in lieu of a cash bonus to its Cameroon country manager in recognition of his efforts with respect to the Thali licence.

17.          Reserves

Reserves within equity are as follows:

Share capital

Amounts subscribed for share capital at nominal value.

Share premium account

The share premium account represents the amounts received by the Company on the issue of its shares which were in excess of the nominal value of the shares.

Retained losses

Cumulative net gains and losses recognised in the Statement of Comprehensive Income less any amounts reflected directly in other reserves.

18.          Financial instruments

Capital risk management and liquidity risk

Capital structure of the Group and Company consists of cash and cash equivalents held for working capital purposes and equity attributable to the equity holders of the Parent, comprising issued capital, reserves and retained losses as disclosed in the Statement of Changes in Equity. The Group and Company uses cash flow models and budgets, which are regularly updated, to monitor liquidity risk.

Significant accounting policies

Details of the significant accounting policies and methods adopted, including the criteria for recognition, the basis of measurement and the basis on which income and expenses are recognised, in respect of each material class of financial asset, financial liability and equity instrument are disclosed in note 1 to the financial statements.

Due to the short-term nature of these assets and liabilities such values approximate their fair values at 31 December 2018 and 31 December 2017.





Carrying amount / fair value





2018

2017

Group




$

$

Financial assets (classified as loans and receivables)





Cash and cash equivalents




331,395

2,151,476

Trade and other receivables




23,979

123,968

Total financial assets




355,374

2,275,444

Financial liabilities at amortised cost






Trade and other payables




1,292,492

1,052,903

Total financial liabilities




1,292,492

1,052,903

 




Carrying amount / fair value




2018

2017

Company




$

$

Financial assets (classified as loans and receivables)




Cash and cash equivalents



324,052

2,112,794

Trade and other receivables



23,977

13,541

Loans to subsidiary undertakings



9,636,778

10,918,887

Total financial assets




9,984,807

13,045,222

Financial liabilities at amortised cost





Trade and other payables



7,909,735

1,052,543

Total financial liabilities




7,909,735

1,052,543

 

Financial risk management objectives

The Group's and Company's objective and policy is to use financial instruments to manage the risk profile of its underlying operations. The Group continually monitors financial risk including oil and gas price risk, interest rate risk, equity price risk, currency translation risk and liquidity risk and takes appropriate measures to ensure such risks are managed in a controlled manner including, where appropriate, through the use of financial derivatives. The Group and Company does not enter into or trade financial instruments, including derivative financial instruments, for speculative purposes.

Interest rate risk management

The Group and Company does not have any outstanding borrowings and hence, the Group and Company is only exposed to interest rate risk on its short-term cash deposits.

Interest rate sensitivity analysis

The sensitivity analysis below has been determined based on the exposure to interest rates at the reporting date and assuming the amount of the balances at the reporting date were outstanding for the whole year.

A 100-basis point change represents management's estimate of a possible change in interest rates at the reporting date. If interest rates had been 100 basis points higher and all other variables were held constant the Group's profits and equity would be impacted as follows:



Group

Company



Increase

Increase



2018

2017

2018

2017



$

$

$

$

Cash and cash equivalents


11,912

10,184

11,648

9,976

 

The Group's exposure to interest rate risk, which is the risk that a financial instrument's value will fluctuate as a result of changes in market interest rates on classes of financial assets and financial liabilities, was as follows:



2018

2017



Floating interest rate

Non-interest bearing

Floating interest rate

Non-interest bearing



$

$

$

$

Cash and cash equivalents


330,870

525

2,149,448

2,028

 

Foreign currency risk

The Group's and Company's reporting currency is the US dollar, being the currency in which the majority of the Group's revenue and expenditure is transacted. The US dollar is the functional currency of the Company and the majority of its subsidiaries. Less material elements of its management, services and treasury functions are transacted in pounds sterling. The majority of balances are held in US dollars with transfers to pounds sterling and other local currencies as required to meet local needs. The Group does not enter into derivative transactions to manage its foreign currency translation or transaction risk.

At the year-end the Group and Company maintained the following cash reserves:



Group

Company



2018

2017

2018

2017

Cash and cash equivalents


$

$

$

$

Cash and cash equivalents held in US$


313,288

360,804

313,000

360,438

Cash and cash equivalents held in GBP


10,103

1,751,407

10,103

1,751,407

Cash and cash equivalents held in other currencies


8,004

39,265

949

-



331,395

2,151,476

324,052

2,111,845

 

Credit risk management

Credit risk refers to the risk that a counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in financial loss to the Group or Company. The Group and Company reviews the credit risk of the entities that it sells its products to or that it enters into contractual arrangements with and will obtain guarantees and commercial letters of credit as may be considered necessary where risks are significant to the Group or Company.

19.          Operating leases and capital commitments

At the reporting date there were no outstanding commitments for operating lease payments.

The Group is committed to funding the following exploration expenditure commitments as at 31 December 2018:



Country

Interest

Net commitment 2019

Net commitment 2020 onwards

Block 40 1


Zambia

100%

-

-

Block 41 1


Zambia

100%

-

-

Algoa-Gamtoos 2


South Africa

50%

$150k

$2.35 million

Thali 3


Cameroon

100%

$9.12 million

-





$10.48 million

$2.35 million

 

1 Renewal pending confirmation of petroleum legislation

2 2 years to 24 August 2019.

3 1 year extension period to 14 September 2019.

20.          Share-based payments



2018

2017



$

$

In the statement of comprehensive income the Group recognised the following charge with respect to its share-based paments

137,184

160,107

 

On 9 November 2017, the Board of the Company determined to implement a Share Incentive Plan and to make an award to the Chief Executive covering rights over 15 million shares vesting after three years and subject to performance conditions. The performance conditions provide that 5 million of the shares will only be payable if, during the vesting period, the Company's stock achieves a closing price at least 25% above the November 2017 Placing Price; and 5 million of the shares will only be payable if, during the vesting period, the Company's stock achieves a closing price at least 50% above the November 2017 Placing Price. In each case the target share price must be achieved for a minimum of five (not necessarily consecutive) trading days during the vesting period. Included within the above share-based payment charges for the period is $53,078 (2017: $nil) with respect to these shares.

Options

Details of share options outstanding at 31 December 2018 are as follows:




Number in issue

At 1 January 2018



1,626,800

Lapsed during the year



(9,400)

At 31 December 2018



1,617,400

 

No Directors held interests in share options at the year-end (2017: nil).

Date of grant

Number in issue


Option price (GBP)

Latest           exercise date

27 Dec 14

16,000


1.750

27 Dec 19

09 Dec 15

48,000


0.475

09 Dec 20

16 Mar 16

53,400

1

0.475

16 Mar 21

26 Oct 16

1,500,000

1

0.023

25 Oct 21


1,617,400

 



1 These options vest in the beneficiaries in equal tranches on the first, second and third anniversaries of grant.

Warrants

Details of warrants outstanding at 31 December 2018 are as follows:

 

 



Number in issue

At 1 January 2018



31,950,609

Lapsed during the year



(96,848)

Awarded during the year



11,585,931

At 31 December 2018



43,439,692

 

The following table shows the interests of the Directors in the share warrants in issue:



2018

2017



No.

No.

Jeremy Asher


16,412,436

10,637,628

Graeme Thomson


9,976,128

7,097,805

Peter Taylor


9,976,128

7,097,805

Total


36,364,692

24,833,238

 

The weighted average exercise price of the share warrants was 1.13p (2017: 1.93p) with a weighted average contractual life of 4.0 years (2017: 4.9 years). At 31 December 2018 and 2017 all warrants had fully vested.

In its Statement of Comprehensive Income, the Company recognised share-based payment charges of $137k (2017: $160k)

In compliance with the requirements of IFRS 2 on share-based payments, the fair value of options or warrants granted during the year is calculated using the Black Scholes option pricing model. For this purpose, the volatility applied in calculating the above charge varied between 20% and 143% (2017: 82% and 143%), depending upon the date of grant, and the risk-free interest rate was 0.50% and the Dividend Yield was 0% for 2018 and 2017.

The Company's share price ranged between 0.8p and 1.8p (2017: 0.8p and 2.9p) during the year. The closing price on 31 December 2018 was 1.3p per share. The weighted average exercise price of the share options was 7.0p (2017: 7.0p) with a weighted average contractual life of 2.75 years (2017: 3.75 years). The total number of options vested at the end of the year was 1.6 million (2017: 1.6 million).

21.          Related party transactions

The key management of the Group comprises the Directors of the Company. Except as disclosed, there are no transactions with the Directors other than their remuneration and interests in shares, share options and warrants. As noted in the Directors' Report, Pegasus Petroleum Ltd ("Pegasus"), a company owned and controlled by Jeremy Asher, received $201,300 (2017: $295,885) in fees for management services. Further information on Directors' remuneration is detailed in the Directors' Report and their total remuneration in each of the categories specified in IAS 24 'Related Party Disclosures' is shown below:



Group


Company




2018

2017

2018

2017



$

$

$

$

Short-term employee benefits


96,980

60,741

96,980

60,741

Fees charged by companies associated with Jeremy Asher 1

201,300

295,885

-

-

Share-based payments


134,455

145,881

134,455

145,881

Finance interest on intercompany loan accounts


-

-

636,650

831,324

Fees charged with respect to the provision of strategic advice and support  by the parent

-

-

33,396

34,575



432,735

502,507

901,481

1,072,521

1 Charged by Pegasus Petroleum Limited ("Pegasus"), a company registered in the Channel Islands, to Rift Petroleum Holdings Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of Tower Resources plc registered in the Isle of Man. Pegasus is owned and controlled by a family trust of which Jeremy Asher is the settlor and lifetime beneficiary.

22.          Control

The Company is under the control of its shareholders and not any one party.

23.          Subsequent events

On 24 January 2019, the Company announced the completion of a placing of 170 million new ordinary shares at 1.00p to raise £1.7 million. The Company also issued 88 million placing warrants, together with 7.7 million broker warrants, 20 million warrants to Directors in lieu of fees and 70 million options at 1.25p to certain employees, consultants and professional advisors at the same time. The 15 million shares which were the subject of the Share Incentive Plan (note 20) and whose performance conditions were fully vested, were also issued.

On 8 February 2019, the Company made comment on the announcement of the Brulpadda well discovery by Total S.A. of a significant hydrocarbon find on Blocks 11B / 12B which is immediately adjacent to its Algoa-Gamtoos licence in South Africa.

On 16 April 2019, the Company announced an operational update on the progress of the planning for its NJOM3 well on the Thali Block, offshore Cameroon, which could commence drilling operations as soon as the end of May 2019 depending on final rig availability.

On 16 April 2019, the Company announced the completion of a short-term senior secured funding facility of US$750,000 (the "Bridging Loan") with Pegasus Petroleum Ltd, a company beneficially owned by the Company's Chairman Jeremy Asher.  The material terms of the facility comprise fees of 2%, interest of 1% per month accrued and paid on repayment, a fixed and floating charge over the Company's assets, and the issue of 90 million 5-year warrants priced at 1.00 pence per share. The Bridging Loan will be due for repayment on or before 30 June 2019 and has a preferential right of repayment from any future financing secured by the Company.

On 3 May 2019, the Company announced the assignment of US$375,000 of the Bridging Loan and associated warrants to certain clients of Turner Pope Investments (TPI) Limited.

 


This information is provided by RNS, the news service of the London Stock Exchange. RNS is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority to act as a Primary Information Provider in the United Kingdom. Terms and conditions relating to the use and distribution of this information may apply. For further information, please contact [email protected] or visit www.rns.com.
 
END
 
 
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