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Foresight Slr Fnd Ld - Interim Results to 30 June 2020

RNS Number : 9206X
Foresight Solar Fund Limited
03 September 2020
 

3 September 2020

Foresight Solar Fund Limited

('Foresight Solar', 'FSFL' or 'the Company')

 

Interim Results to 30 June 2020

Foresight Solar, a fund investing in a diversified portfolio of ground-based solar PV assets in the UK and internationally, is pleased to announce its Interim Results for the six months ended 30 June 2020.

 

Highlights

New COVID-19 compliant working practices prioritise the health and safety of all stakeholders and their staff

Strong operational resilience throughout the COVID-19 pandemic with performance of the UK portfolio 15.9% above base case, the best performing period since IPO

Generated a total of 502,579 MWh of clean electricity during the period, enough to power approximately 173,000 homes for a year

NAV decreased to £582.1m (31 December 2019: £628.0m), or 96.0p per share (31 December 2019: 103.8p) driven primarily by a reduction in power price forecasts

Total dividend of 3.45p per share declared during the period. On track to deliver 2020 target dividend of 6.91p per share

First Operations and Maintenance Sustainability Agreements signed with three of the Company's largest counterparties, formally committing suppliers to providing best-in-class sustainable services

 

Key Metrics


As at

30 June 2020

As at

31 December 2019

As at

30 June 2019

Gross Asset Value ("GAV")

£1,022.5 million

£1,071.5 million

£1,100.6 million

Net Asset Value ("NAV")

£582.1 million

£628.0 million

£601.5 million

NAV per Share

96.0 pence

103.8 pence

109.6 pence

Total Dividend per Share for the period

3.45 pence

6.76 pence

3.38 pence

Annual Total Shareholder Return since IPO*

6.79%

9.43%

8.78%

 

*    Annualised from IPO on 29 October 2013.

Commenting on the Company's results, Alex Ohlsson, Chairman of Foresight Solar Fund Limited said:

"Whilst COVID-19 has created unprecedented challenges for both our industry and the wider economy, I am pleased with the resilience the Company has shown and how our team and our operational counterparties have adapted during the first half of 2020. The health and safety of all stakeholders and their staff has been our top priority throughout the period and, with safe working protocols in place, we have delivered a record operational outperformance across the UK portfolio for the period, at 15.9% above base case, and remain on track to deliver our target dividend for the year."

"Whilst the power-price environment and wider global financial markets are set to remain challenging for the remainder of the year, we will continue to focus on delivering operational and financial stability, securing opportunities to enter fixed power price contracts to improve cash flow stability where possible, and will continue to explore opportunities to expand and diversify further our portfolio of assets whilst maintaining our strict criteria for risk-adjusted returns. We look forward to a further period of progress."

Results presentation

Foresight Solar Fund Ltd is holding a webcast presentation for analysts at 08:30 today. Participants wishing to join must register at this link in advance of the presentation to receive access details for the webcast and conference line: https://www.speakservecloud.com/register-for-call/44a529ef-1973-48fc-9233-5f41a9f6a8c5 

Declaration of Dividend

Foresight Solar is also pleased to announce a second interim dividend, in respect of the period 1 April 2020 to 30 June 2020, of 1.73 pence per ordinary share (the "Dividend"). The shares will go ex-dividend on 29 October 2020 and the Dividend will be paid on 27 November 2020 to shareholders on the register as at the close of business on 30 October 2020.

Foresight Solar confirms its dividend target of 6.91 pence per ordinary share for 2020.

Full details of the scrip dividend alternative that is being offered in respect of the Dividend (the "Scrip Offer") and the Scrip Dividend Scheme can be found in the Scrip Dividend Alternative Offer Document (the "Scrip Document") available on the Company's website at https://fsfl.foresightgroup.eu/investor-relations/dividend-history/ . The Scrip Document is also available on the National Storage Mechanism website at https://data.fca.org.uk/#/nsm/nationalstoragemechanism and copies are also available for inspection at JTC House, 28 Esplanade, St. Helier, Jersey JE2 3QA.

The reference price of the new shares issued under the Scrip Offer will be calculated and published on or around 5 November 2020.

Shareholders will receive the Dividend in cash, unless they have previously completed a standing election (a "Form of Election") to receive new shares pursuant to the Scrip Offer. Shareholders who would like to receive such new shares rather than cash, and who have not previously submitted a Form of Election, should complete the Form of Election at the back of the Scrip Document and return it to the Company's Receiving Agent, Computershare Investors Service (Jersey) Limited by no later than 5.00pm on 16 November 2020.

The expected timetable in relation to the Dividend will be as follows:

Ex-Dividend Date

29 October 2020

Record Date

30 October 2020

Scrip Price Announcement

5 November 2020

Last Date for Submission of Forms of Election

16 November 2020 at 17h00

Last Date Crest Elections

16 November 2020 at 17h00

Anticipated Listing of New Shares

27 November 2020

Dividend Payment Date

27 November 2020

 

 

For further information, please contact:

Foresight Group 
+44 (0)20 3667 8147
Jonathon McManus  
[email protected]

Jefferies International Limited

+44 (0)20 7029 8000

Neil Winward

Gaudi Le Roux

 

Citigate Dewe Rogerson 
+44 (0)20 7638 9571 
Nick Hayns

Louise Mason-Rutherford
Elizabeth Kittle
Lucy Eyles

 

Notes to Editors

About Foresight Solar Fund Limited

Foresight Solar is a Jersey registered, closed-end investment company investing in a diversified portfolio of ground-based solar PV assets in the UK and Australia.

 

Since its IPO in October 2013, FSFL has more than tripled in size and raised more than £634 million through share placings. The Company targets a progressive dividend policy and has paid all target dividends to date. The target dividend for 2020 is 6.91 pence per share.

 

FSFL is managed by Foresight Group, a leading independent Global Infrastructure & Private Equity manager, which provides FSFL with depth of experience in fund management, deal origination and execution. The Company has a fully independent Board of Directors and is chaired by Alex Ohlsson. The lead Investment Manager for the Company is Ricardo Piñeiro, Head of UK Solar at Foresight Group.

 

 

UNAUDITED INTERIM REPORT AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD 1 JANUARY 2020 TO 30 JUNE 2020

 

Chairman's Statement

 

The first half of 2020 presented the Company with its most challenging operating environment since launch as COVID-19 disrupted economic activity across the globe.

The Company's Investment Manager and key service providers adapted quickly to this new environment and the portfolio delivered record operational outperformance.

Though the power price environment remains challenging the Company remains on track to deliver the target total dividend of 6.91 pence per share for the year."

Alexander Ohlsson,
Chairman

 

On behalf of the Board, I am pleased to present the Unaudited Interim Report and Financial Statements for Foresight Solar Fund Limited (the "Company" or the "Fund") for the six months ended 30 June 2020.

The COVID-19 pandemic is the greatest macroeconomic shock to hit global financial markets since the Company's launch in October 2013. At the time of publication, the full economic effects of the crisis remain to be seen, yet the cost to individuals, businesses, and economies will be substantial. The International Energy Agency has already described the impact on global energy markets as 'a macroeconomic shock unprecedented in peacetime'. Governments around the world have responded with record stimulus packages, far in excess of those seen following the 2007-2008 global financial crisis, as they seek to support economies which have effectively ground to a halt in the face of the pandemic.

Throughout the unfolding crisis the Company continued its operations with minimal disruption, but the collapse in UK economic activity has had a substantial impact on the national demand for electricity in the short-term. The shutdown of large parts of UK industry depressed merchant prices at which generators such as the Company are able to sell the power they produce. The Company has a degree of protection from price changes built into its cashflow profile due to the large proportion of its revenues being fixed via subsidy mechanisms or price agreements. Therefore, whilst the crisis has materially weakened the current outlook for power prices, the Board is able to reaffirm its dividend target for the financial year with a high degree of confidence.

The Board has been in close communication with the Investment Manager throughout the period as the COVID-19 pandemic unfolded. The Board is pleased with the continuity of service provided by Foresight and can report that there has been minimal operational disruption to the Company's assets. Both Foresight and the Company's key operational counterparties reacted quickly and effectively as they executed Business Continuity Plans and adapted well to the new working practices with the safety of all Company stakeholders and their staff being a key objective during the pandemic. In addition, the strategic investment in spare parts in recent years has allowed the Company to minimise potential operational disruptions which COVID-19 could have caused to the supply chain.

Despite the challenging backdrop, the UK portfolio performed significantly above expectations during the period. Electricity generation for the six-month period was 15.9% above base case, driven by record levels of irradiation in the first half of the year. This excellent operational performance is a result of both the strong irradiance during the period and the continued hard work and diligence of the asset management, building on an improving performance trend across recent reporting periods.

Key Financials

In the six months to 30 June 2020, the NAV per Ordinary Share decreased to 96.0 pence (31 December 2019: 103.8 pence). The key driver of the decrease was a material downward revision of UK power price forecasts obtained from independent third-party consultants.

During the period, the Investment Manager undertook a review of the discount rates applied to UK asset valuations. As a result of this analysis, discount rates for the UK assets have been reduced by 0.25% to 6.75% to reflect the current market valuation of operational solar assets.

Operational Performance

During the first half of the year electricity generation from the Company's UK portfolio was 15.9% above base case. Irradiation levels in the U.K were 17.1% above base case assumptions. Asset outperformance was driven by the strong performance of the majority of the U.K. assets which continued to operate well despite the new safe working practices many of our key operational counterparties had to implement during the period.

In Australia, further progress was made on the Company's portfolio of four assets. Bannerton resumed operating at full output in April following six months of grid export restrictions. Oakey 2 is currently exporting at approximately 75% of the total installed capacity and is expected to be fully commissioned by the end of the year.

Dividend

The Company declared interim dividends of 3.45 pence per share in the first half of 2020 and is on track to deliver its target of 6.91 pence per share for the year. The first 2020 interim dividend of 1.72 pence was paid on 28 August 2020.

Dividend cover for the period on a 12-month rolling cash basis, was 1.10 times, down from 1.12 times for the prior year on a like-for-like basis reflecting the decrease in UK wholesale power prices during the period, and in particular since COVID-19 lock down measures were implemented. Despite the weakening power price environment, the Company has met its dividend targets each year since IPO.

Debt Facilities

At 30 June 2020, the total outstanding debt of the Company and its subsidiaries amounted to £440.4 million (31 December 2019: £443.5 million), with long-term debt representing £400.4 million (December 2019: £403.5 million). Total gearing represented 43.1% of GAV (December 2019: 41%). Long-term structural gearing represented 39.2% of GAV (December 2019: 38%), within the 40% long-term debt target set by the Board.

The Company's  Revolving Credit Facility ("RCF") totalled £105 million at 30 June 2020, of which £65 million remained available for investment at the end of the period.

The Company continues to benefit from the flexibility offered by the RCF facilities to support further growth at a competitive cost of capital and limiting cash drag risk to investors.

The Board believes the current level of debt to be appropriate relative to the size and revenue profile of the Company.

Corporate Governance

The Company announced the appointment of Ms Markey as non-executive Director on 25 August, effective from 4 September. Ms Markey is an experienced business leader and non-executive director with a strong financial background and over 20 years' experience as a senior executive and board director. Ms Markey has extensive experience in the electricity industry, particularly in thermal and renewable generation, including PV solar and wind. Following Ms Markey's appointment, the Company Board of Directors will consist of five non-executive Directors.

The Board will continue to review its composition on an ongoing basis to ensure an appropriately diverse mix of skillsets, experience, and backgrounds.

Sustainability Update

The Company continues to build on its well-established sustainability credentials with each passing year. The excellent operational performance of the UK portfolio generated enough clean energy to power 173,000 homes for a year during the first half of 2020.

While the Company's active engagement with the communities in which it operates has proved challenging in the wake of the national COVID-19 related lockdown, the Company continues to support local charities through grants providing much needed funds to local community projects.

As a signatory to the Principles for Responsible Investment ("PRI") in its 2020 assessment Foresight Group maintained its A+ rating for Strategy & Governance, and improved its Infrastructure score from A to A+, the highest grade, demonstrating the Investment Manager's ongoing commitment to sustainability. This was extended to include a number of the Company's O&M counterparties during the period with three of its largest operational counterparties signing Sustainability Agreements that demonstrate their commitment to operating fairly and sustainably.

Outlook

While the broader global environment is set to remain challenging, the Company has proved its operational resilience during the year to date. The Investment Manager continues to focus on delivering ongoing operational and financial stability as the effects of COVID-19 reverberate throughout global financial markets.

The volatility seen in traditional financial assets throughout the crisis may well enhance the appeal of renewable energy infrastructure investments, which have proved notably resilient in relative terms. Solar assets should continue to provide attractive and sustainable yields going forward in the context of historically low central bank interest rates and an uncertain outlook for corporate dividends. The Board believes that the positive social and environmental impact of the Company's investments will continue to prove to be attractive as investors allocate more capital to sustainable investments. 

Notwithstanding the effects of COVID-19 in the short and medium term, the solar energy market in the UK is expected to thrive, backed by a dynamic renewable industry, decreasing installation costs and support from governments to tackle climate change. This was clearly evidenced by the announcement in June 2019 of the UK Government's commitment to reach a net zero carbon emission target by 2050. This combination of factors is expected to create an attractive environment for further investment in solar technology, either through renewable energy support mechanisms or on a subsidy free basis.

The Investment Manager continues to monitor both subsidised and subsidy-free opportunities in the UK but the yield compression witnessed in this market in recent years, supported by the current low interest rate environment, presents challenges in finding suitably attractive opportunities. As a result, the Company will maintain its selective approach to secondary market investments in the UK, while returns for subsidy-free investments still trail those available in other European markets on a risk-adjusted basis.

While the predominant focus of the Company will continue to be on UK operating solar assets, The Board believes the opportunity to add geographic diversification within the restrictions of the Company's investment policy will benefit shareholders over the long term.

The Investment Manager continues to make positive progress in identifying investment opportunities in Southern Europe having secured exclusivity over a portfolio of subsidy-free assets located in Spain, representing approximately 150MW of installed capacity. The assets are expected to benefit from long term Power Purchase Agreements ("PPAs") with reputable counterparties, delivering a significant level of contracted revenues during the term of the investment. If successful, the Board believes the acquisition of the Fund's first subsidy-free assets is a clear sign of the exciting growth opportunities in the European solar market. The fact that the Investment Manager can source and transact new deals in the current environment demonstrates the benefit of having a dedicated presence in the multiple countries in which it operates.

The Company will continue to work closely with its key operational counterparties to ensure adequate contingencies are in place for any future disruption to servicing or spare parts requirements. In addition, the Company will continue to review opportunities to enter fixed power price contracts to improve cash flow stability during periods of power price volatility.

Finally, on behalf of the Board of Directors, I would like to thank our suppliers and service providers for their support and commitment which have allowed the Company to deliver a strong operational performance period during this challenging period.

Alexander Ohlsson
Chairman

3 September 2020

 

 

Corporate Summary and Investment Objective

Foresight Solar Fund Limited is a closed-ended company with an indefinite life and was incorporated in Jersey under the Companies (Jersey) Law 1991, as amended on 13 August 2013, with registration number 113721.

Corporate Summary

As at 30 June 2020, the Company has 606,311,896 ordinary shares in issue which are listed on the premium segment of the Official List and traded on the London Stock Exchange's Main Market.

The Company makes its investments through intermediate holding companies and underlying Project Vehicles/Special Purpose Vehicles ("SPVs").

Investment Objective

The Company's objective is to provide investors with a sustainable, progressive quarterly dividend and enhanced capital value, through investment in ground-based solar assets predominantly located in the UK.

The Company

The Company's Initial Public Offering on 24 October 2013 raised £150 million, creating the largest dedicated solar investment company listed in the UK at the time. To date, the Company has raised a total of £634 million through equity issuance and reached a gross asset value of £1,022.5 million as at 30 June 2020. It is the largest UK-listed dedicated solar energy investment company by installed capacity with a market capitalisation of £660.9 million at the period end.

As at 30 June 2020, the Company's portfolio consisted of 54 assets with a net installed capacity of 869MW, including four Australian assets (representing 146MW), one of which remains under construction.

Investment Policy

The Company pursues its investment objective by acquiring ground-based, operational solar power plants predominantly located in the UK. Investments outside the UK and assets which are, when acquired, still under construction will be limited to 25% of the GAV of the Company and subsidiaries, calculated at the time of investment.

The Company will seek to acquire majority or minority stakes in individual ground-based solar assets. When investing in a stake of less than 100 per cent in a solar power plant SPV, the Company will secure its shareholder rights through shareholders' agreements and other legal transaction documents.

Power Purchase Agreements ("PPAs") will be entered into between each of the individual solar power plant SPVs in the portfolio and creditworthy offtakers. Under the PPAs, the SPVs will sell solar generated electricity and green benefits to the designated offtaker. The Company may retain exposure to power prices through PPAs that do not include mechanisms such as fixed prices or price floors.

Investment may be made in equity, debt or intermediate instruments but not in instruments traded on any investment exchange.

The Company is permitted to invest cash held for working capital purposes and awaiting investment in cash deposits, gilts and money market funds.

In order to spread risk and diversify its portfolio, at the time of investment no single asset shall exceed 30% of the Company's GAV post-acquisition. If the investment is an additional stake in an existing investment, the combined value of both the existing stake and the additional stake acquired should also not exceed 30%. The GAV of the Company will be calculated based on the last published gross investment valuation of the Company's portfolio, including cash, plus acquisitions made since the date of such valuation at their cost of acquisition. The Company's portfolio will provide diversified exposure through the inclusion of not less than five individual solar power plants and the Company will also seek to diversify risk by ensuring that a significant proportion of its expected income stream is derived from regulatory support (which will consist of, for example, without limitation, ROCs and FiTs for UK assets). Diversification will also be achieved by the Company using a number of different third-party providers such as developers, engineering, procurement and construction ("EPC") contractors, operations and maintenance ("O&M") contractors, panel manufacturers, landlords and distribution network operators.

The Articles provide that gearing, calculated as Group Borrowing (including any asset level gearing) as a percentage of the Company's GAV, will not exceed 50% at the time of drawdown. It is the Board's current intention that long-term gearing (including long-term, asset level gearing), calculated as Group borrowings (excluding intra-group borrowings (i.e. borrowings between members of the Group) and revolving credit facilities) as a percentage of the Company's GAV will not exceed 40 per cent at the time of drawdown.

Any material change to the investment policy will require the prior approval of shareholders by way of an ordinary resolution (for so long as the Ordinary Shares are listed on the Official List) in accordance with the Listing Rules.

Significant Shareholders

The Company's shareholders include a substantial number of blue-chip institutional investors.

Shareholders in the Company with more than a 5% holding as at 30 June 2020 are as follows:

Investor

% Shareholding
in Fund

BlackRock Investment Management Ltd

14.65

Schroders Plc

8.37

Newton Investment Management Ltd

8.03

Baillie Gifford & Co

7.14

Legal & General Investment Management Ltd

6.81

Tredje AP Fonden

5.56

Total

50.56

 

Alternative Investment Fund Management Directive ("Aifmd")

The AIFMD, which was implemented across the EU on 22 July 2013, aims to harmonise the regulation of Alternative Investment Fund Managers ("AIFMs") and imposes obligations on managers who manage or distribute Alternative Investment Funds ("AIFs") in the EU or who market shares in such funds to EU investors. Under the AIFMD, the Company is self-managed and acts as its own Alternative Investment Fund Manager.

The Company is located outside the European Economic Area ("EEA") but the Company's marketing activities in the UK are subject to regulation under the AIFMD and the National Private Placement Regime.

Packaged Retail and Insurance-Based Investment Products Regulation

The Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products Regulation ("PRIIPS") was introduced by the EU and came into effect on 1 January 2018. Its aim is to ensure retail investors are provided with transparent and consistent information across different types of financial products. This regulation requires the Company to publish a Key Information Document ("KID"). The KID is available on the Company's website under Publications and can be found at the following website address: www.fsfl.foresightgroup.eu.

 

Board of Directors

The Directors are responsible for the determination of the investment policy of the Company, have overall responsibility for the Company including its investment activities and for reviewing the performance of the Company's portfolio.

The Directors are all Non-Executive. Alex Ohlsson, Chris Ambler and Monique O'Keefe are all considered to be independent of the Investment Manager under the AIC Code. Peter Dicks is not considered to be independent from the Investment Manager under the AIC Code, due to his previous service on boards of other Funds managed by the Investment Manager within the last three years. However, Mr Dicks has no current material business relationships with the Company or the Investment Manager, other than serving on the Board of the Company. Accordingly, the Company considers Mr Dicks to be factually independent and unimpaired as a Director of the Company and member of the Audit and Risk Committee and Remuneration and Nomination Committee.

Ann Markey has been appointed to join the Board as a fifth Non-Executive Director, with her appointment effective from 4 September 2020.

Alex Ohlsson (Chairman)

Mr Ohlsson is Managing Partner of the law firm Carey Olsen in Jersey. He is recognised as a leading expert in corporate and finance law in Jersey and is regularly instructed by leading global law firms and financial institutions. He sits on the boards of a number of companies and is also Chairman of the listed company GCP Asset Backed Income Fund Limited. He is an Advisory Board member of Jersey Finance, Jersey's promotional body and Treasurer of the Jersey Law Society. He has recently retired as the independent Chairman of the States of Jersey's Audit Committee. He was educated at Victoria College, Jersey and at Queens' College, Cambridge, where he obtained an MA (Hons) in Law. He has also been an Advocate of the Royal Court of Jersey since 1995.

Mr Ohlsson was appointed as a Non-Executive Director and Chairman on 16 August 2013 and was re-elected on 16 July 2020.

Chris Ambler

Mr Ambler has been the Chief Executive of Jersey Electricity Plc since 1 October 2008. He has experience in a number of senior positions in the global industrial, energy and materials sectors working for major corporations including ICI/Zeneca, The BOC Group and Centrica/British Gas, as well as in strategic consulting roles. He is a Director on other boards including a Non-Executive Director of Apax Global Alpha Limited, a listed fund which launched on the London Stock Exchange on 15 June 2015. Mr Ambler is a Chartered Director, a Chartered Engineer and a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. He holds a First-Class Honours Degree from Queens' College, Cambridge and an MBA from INSEAD.

Mr Ambler was appointed as a Non-Executive Director on 16 August 2013 and was re-elected on 16 July 2020.

Peter Dicks

Mr Dicks is currently a Director of a number of quoted and unquoted companies. He is also on the Board of Mercia Fund 1 General Partnership Limited and Miton UK Microcap Trust plc and Chairman of SVM Emerging Fund plc and Gabelli Value Plus+ Trust PLC.

Mr Dicks was appointed as a Non-Executive Director on 16 August 2013 and was re-elected on 16 July 2020.

Monique O'Keefe

Mrs O'Keefe is the co-founder of investment consultancy business, Kairos Wealth Limited. She serves on a number of boards, including Phoenix Spree Deutschland Limited which is a London Stock Exchange listed property fund, as well as a private equity fund, a European hedge fund and a nonperforming credit fund. Mrs O'Keefe also sits on the Board of Commissioners at the Jersey Financial Services Commission.

Mrs O'Keefe was appointed as a Non-Executive Director on 1 June 2019 and was re-elected on 16 July 2020.

Ann Markey (appointment effective from 4 September 2020)

Ms Markey is an experienced business leader and non-executive director with a strong financial background and over 20 years' experience as a senior executive and board director in a number of businesses. Ms Markey has extensive experience in the electricity industry, particularly in thermal and renewable generation, including PV solar and wind. She was a senior executive with ESB, a leading Irish electricity utility, and with Greencoat Capital, a leading renewable energy investment manager.

Ms Markey is a Fellow of Chartered Accountants Ireland having trained and qualified with Arthur Andersen. She is currently a Board Member and Chair of the Audit & Risk Committee of the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI), the national sustainable energy authority of Ireland. Ann is also a Member of the Audit & Risk Committee of Ireland's national public health service provider, Health Services Executive (HSE), and a Board Member of the Digital Hub Development Agency (DHDA), Ireland's largest cluster of digital companies.

 

Investment Manager

The Company's Investment Manager, Foresight Group LLP, is responsible for the acquisition and management of the Company's portfolio, including the sourcing and structuring of new investments and advising on the Company's borrowing strategy.

Foresight Group was founded in 1984 and is a leading independent infrastructure and private equity investment company managing £6.5 billion of assets on behalf of institutions and retail clients with offices in Australia, Italy, South Korea, Spain Luxembourg and the UK.

The Investment Manager's 97 strong infrastructure team includes 41 investment professionals, with an average of 12 years industry experience.

Foresight Group's Investment Management team is led by three experienced UK-based managers, supported by a team of investment managers located in the UK and internationally. The Investment Management team based in Australia comprises three investment professionals and three portfolio managers. This team is instrumental in the management of the Company's four Australian assets.

The Investment Manager is overseen by an Executive Committee of which Gary Fraser is a member. Foresight Group's Executive Committee provides strategic investment advice to the management team and the Board.

Foresight Group LLP is a limited liability partnership registered in England and Wales with registered number OC300878. Its authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.

Ricardo Piñeiro, Partner
Ricardo has led Foresight Group's UK solar investments team since 2011 and has been part of the Company's advisory team since its IPO, remaining primarily focused on identifying and acquiring new renewable energy transactions across the UK and international markets. Prior to joining Foresight, Ricardo worked at Espirito Santo Investment where he focused on lending and advisory for the energy infrastructure and transportation sectors.

Gary Fraser, Partner, Chief Financial Officer
Gary is a Chartered Accountant and Chartered Fellow of the Securities Institute. He worked with Ernst & Young between 1993 and 1999, predominantly in the audit and risk assurance and corporate finance areas and joined ISIS Asset Management plc in 1999 where he was responsible for the provision of similar services to several investment companies. He joined Foresight Group in 2004 and is a member of the Executive Committee.

Peter Bolton, Director
Peter is an Investment Director in Foresight Group's Infrastructure Team having joined Foresight in January 2014. Peter focusses on originating and acquiring renewable energy transactions across the UK and international markets, with a specific interest in the solar sector. Peter has over 11 years' experience in the energy sector, having previously worked within the M&A Team at Gazprom Marketing & Trading and in PwC's Deals Advisory Team.

 

Portfolio Assets

Current Portfolio


Asset 

Installed Peak Capacity (MW)

Connection Date 

Acquisition Cost1 (£m)

1

Wymeswold2

 34

March 2013

45.0

2

Castle Eaton

 18

March 2014

22.6

3

Highfields

 12

March 2014

15.4

4

High Penn

 10

March 2014

12.7

5

Pitworthy

 16

March 2014

19.3

6

Hunters Race

 10

July 2014

13.3

7

Spriggs Farm

 12

March 2014

14.6

8

Bournemouth

 37

September 2014

47.9

9

Landmead

 46

December 2014

52.4

10

Kencot

 37

September 2014

49.5

11

Copley

 30

December 2015

32.7

12

Atherstone

 15

March 2015

16.2

13

Paddock Wood

 9

March 2015

10.7

14

Southam

 10

March 2015

11.1

15

Port Farm

 35

March 2015

44.5

16

Membury

 16

March 2015

22.2

17

Shotwick

 72

March 2016

75.5

18

Sandridge

 50

March 2016

57.3

19

Wally Corner

 5

March 2017

5.7

20

Coombeshead

 10

December 2014

36.6
(Acquired as portfolio)

21

Park Farm

 13

March 2015

22

Sawmills

 7

March 2015

23

Verwood

 21

February 2015

24

Yardwall

 3

June 2015

25

Abergelli

 8

March 2015

3.7

26

Crow Trees

 5

February 2016

1.8

27

Cuckoo Grove

 6

March 2015

2.5

28

Field House

 6

March 2015

3.1

29

Fields Farm

 5

March 2016

1.7

30

Gedling

 6

March 2015

1.9

31

Homeland

 13

March 2014

5.2

32

Marsh Farm

 9

March 2015

4.0

33

Sheepbridge

 5

December 2015

1.9

34

Steventon

 10

June 2014

4.2

35

Tengore

 4

February 2015

1.3

36

Trehawke

 11

March 2014

4.7

37

Upper Huntingford

 8

October 2015

3.1

38

Welbeck

 11

July 2014

4.4

39

Yarburgh

 8

November 2015

3.4

40

Abbey Fields

 5

March 2016

1.5

41

SV Ash

 8

March 2015

3.4

42

Bilsthorpe

 6

November 2014

1.9

43

Bulls Head

 6

September 2014

2.2

44

Lindridge

 5

January 2016

1.7

49

Manor Farm

 14

October 2015

6.1

45

Misson

 5

March 2016

2.0

46

Nowhere

 8

March 2015

3.7

47

Pen Y Cae

 7

March 2015

2.9

48

Playters

 9

October 2015

4.0

50

Roskrow

 9

March 2015

3.7


UK Subtotal

 723


685.1

1

Bannerton

 533

July 2018

22.9

2

Longreach

83

March 2018

2.7

3

Oakey 1

153

February 2019

4.4

4

Oakey 2

 70

May 2019

34.0


Australia Subtotal

 146


63.9


Total

 869


749.0

1     Original equity cost at time of acquisition, including transaction costs.

2     Includes the 2MW extension acquired in March 2015.

3     Accounts for the 48.5% stake the Company holds of Bannerton (110MW) and 49% stake held of Longreach (17MW) and Oakey 1 (30MW).

 

 

Investment Managers Report

Key Investment Metrics


Six months to
30 June 2020

Year to
31 December 2019

Six months to
30 June 2019

Market Capitalisation

£660.9 million

£765.6 million

£659.8 million

Share Price

109.0 pence

126.5 pence

120.2 pence

Dividend Declared per Share for the period

3.45 pence

6.76 pence

3.38 pence

GAV

£1,022.5 million

£1,071.5 million

£1,100.6 million

NAV

£582.1 million

£628.0 million

£601.5 million

NAV per Share

96.0 pence

103.8 pence

109.6 pence

Annual Total Return (NAV) since IPO

5.51%

6.57%

7.61%

Annual Total Shareholder Return since IPO

6.79%

9.43%

8.78%

Profit/(Loss) after Tax for the Period

(£26.7 million)

(£10.8 million)

£9.4 million

 

Portfolio Summary

As at 30 June 2020, the Company's portfolio consisted of 54 assets with a total net peak capacity of 869MW. Of the 54 assets, 50 assets are located in the UK and represent 723MW of total installed capacity. The remaining four assets are located in Australia and account for 146MW of total installed capacity.

All of the Company's current assets benefit from regulatory support. The Company's UK assets are accredited under the Renewables Obligation ("RO") scheme, with the exception of Yardwall which is a Feed-in-Tariff scheme ("FiT") accredited asset (representing less than 1% of the UK portfolio). The Australian assets benefit from subsidies in the form of Large-Scale Generation Certificates ("LGC").

In the first half of 2020, approximately 57% of revenues were derived from subsidies, with the remaining 43% from the sale of electricity.

The Renewables Obligation Certificate ("ROC") buy-out price for the 2020-2021 annual compliance period increased to £50.05  per certificate (2019-2020 compliance period: £48.78), reflecting the average monthly percentage change in RPI during 2019. On average, the Company received 1.42 ROC/MWh across the UK portfolio.

The charts on pages 14-15 show a detailed analysis of the portfolio as at 30 June 2020. The portfolio continues to be well diversified by inverter and panel manufacturers and by O&M counterparties.

Market Developments

United Kingdom

The emergence of COVID-19 quickly became the principal obstacle to further growth in UK renewables during the first half of 2020. The decision to implement widescale lockdown measures and close all but essential shops and services on 23 March 2020 impacted the prospect of any short-term buildout. The most direct impact of the crisis on the energy industry was the collapse in energy demand across the country as industrial and commercial businesses shut down overnight. This sharp contraction in demand resulted in wholesale energy prices reaching historic lows.

As a result of the low electricity demand caused by the COVID-19 control measures, National Grid contacted embedded generators to discuss the feasibility of turning off solar generation in this period of low electricity demand to help balance the network. Historically this has been done widely at the transmission level (connections at 132kV and above) but not at the distribution level (connections at 33kV or below), at which most of the Company's assets are connected.

The objective is to be able to curtail solar output with willing participants and offer financial compensation for the generation shortfall. The scheme is now operating on a rolling weekly basis, where generators offer solar parks the chance to participate and indicate prices for curtailment for the week ahead. There has been no curtailment required during the period across the portfolio.

In addition, in May 2020, Ofgem clarified that National Grid can disconnect embedded generators to protect system stability as a "last resort action" without facing legal consequences. Under this scenario no compensation would be due, creating an incentive for embedded generators to participate in the curtailment scheme.

The Asset Manager is working with the main O&M suppliers to explore the technical feasibility of reducing generation and participating in the curtailment scheme should further periods of low demand occur.

In May 2020, Ofgem also announced the intention to defer the additional BSUoS (Balancing Service Use of System) costs arising from COVID-19 being incurred in 2020/21 to 2021/22. This is expected to have a significant impact on embedded generation as the latest forecast has identified a £500 million increase in the cost of managing the electricity transmission system arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. Under current government policy these costs would be recovered via BSUoS charges this year, resulting in an embedded benefit payment to distributed generators. If approved, any additional revenue would be deferred until next year or potentially waived as solar assets will no longer be entitled to revenue arising from the distribution of the BSUoS costs. This is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company as the additional embedded benefit revenues were not included in this year's financial forecasts.

Governments and supra-national organisations such as the EU are constructing substantial economic recovery packages, and clean energy is likely to play a key role in such plans. Over the last five years renewable power has emerged as the most costeffective energy source in many countries around the globe; two thirds of the world's population now live in areas where the cheapest form of energy is electrons generated from wind and solar. This is important because it implies there is no longer a trade-off between stimulating economic recovery and financing green growth.

The UK has also announced a £3 billion Green Recovery Package which should accelerate progress towards the 2050 net carbon neutral goal with the renewables sector likely to be a beneficiary in terms of job creation and benign future energy policy.

Australia

The Australian market has been less impacted than the UK and European markets by the reduction in gas prices and demand for electricity due to COVID-19. Compared to the significant drops in demand witnessed elsewhere in the second quarter of 2020, Australian National Electricity Market operational demand was down only 2% year-on-year. COVID-19 specifically caused an estimated 2.1% reduction in demand, with distributed solar PV experiencing a further 1.2% reduction. This was offset by the impact of greater heating requirements due to cooler weather which increased demand by 1.4%. In the second quarter of 2020, energy utilities, generators and the Australian Energy Market Operator ("AEMO") reviewed business practices to ensure that the essential service of electricity supply remains uninterrupted during COVID-19.

Marginal Loss Factors ("MLFs") were released for FY2021 in June 2020 with smaller year-on-year variations, compared to prior years. This is due to smaller changes in the generation mix and the emergence of new generation limits which affect the economics of new build wind and solar. AEMO is committed to increasing transparency for MLFs by publishing indicative reports in September and December of the preceding year. AEMO is also committed to a review of the MLF methodology to address aspects of the methodology that are no longer fit for purpose and to consider practical improvements to the process.

Strong projects are continuing to proceed to investment stage with 3.6GW of new wind and solar projects forecast for 2020. State Governments continue to support the growth of the renewable energy market with each State having adopted a net zero target by 2050. New South Wales, the largest State, announced economic growth plans which also support the deployment of renewable energy projects including the development of a 3GW renewable energy zone in Central West New South Wales.

In 2019, Australian energy regulators were considering numerous changes to the regulatory framework. These changes are expected to be delayed and potentially omitted as regulators and Ministers focus on economic growth and jobs. The Company is actively engaging in the regulatory dialogue through meetings with the regulators, written submissions and participation in industry groups and closely monitoring proposed regulatory changes.

Historic Power Prices

Daily and monthly generation weighted spot electricity prices at UK portfolio level (£/mwh)

United Kingdom

Wholesale power prices decreased throughout the reporting period to approximately £27/MWh in June 2020. The general downward trend has been driven by lower natural gas prices globally as a result of new supplies from the US and Australia entering the market. In addition to this, historically high gas storage levels in Western Europe, following consecutive mild winters had a downward effect on spot and forward prices for natural gas resulting in further downward pressure on wholesale power prices. From this already soft position, the UK Government's restrictions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic drove down demand for gas, oil and power which has resulted in even lower wholesale power prices.

The average power price achieved across the UK portfolio during the period, including fixed price arrangements was
£33.62/MWh, versus £47.25/MWh in the first half of 2019, a decrease of 28.8% year-on-year as a result of low power prices experienced during the second half of the period. The proportion of revenues subject to fixed price arrangements across the UK portfolio during the period was c.30% of the total UK generation of electricity.

Fixed price arrangements for the 2021 financial year represent approximately 30% of the expected generation of electricity. This represents a material increase from a value of 8% at 31 December 2019, offering higher cash flow certainty for the upcoming periods. The generation weighted price of secured fixed prices across the portfolio is £45.71/MWh.

The Company will continue to monitor forward electricity prices and, where appropriate, will enter into new fixed price arrangements.

The Investment Manager regularly reassesses conditions in the electricity market and updates its view on likely future movements. The Company retains the option to fix the PPAs for its assets at any time. The Investment Manager is satisfied that the current proportion of fixed price arrangements provides the appropriate level of price certainty.

Australia

Wholesale gas prices continued to decrease during the period, with the Gas Supply Hub price averaging $4.10/GJ in Q2 2020, its lowest level since Q4 2015. As a result, power prices fell across Australia during the period as global gas prices, and to a lesser extent reduction in demand due to COVID-19, impacted electricity prices in Australia. Given Australia's relatively small reliance on gas generation (21%) compared to coal-fired generation (56%), Australian wholesale energy prices are less impacted by the reduction in global gas prices compared to other markets which are more dominated by gas generation.

During the period, the time weighted average spot price in Queensland was A$43.94/MWh, versus A$62.75/MWh in the second half of 2019, a decrease of 30%.

During the period, prices were lower in Victoria with a time weighted average spot price of A$59.71/MWh, versus 
A$87.62/MWh in the second half of 2019, a decrease of 32%. 

Three of the four assets in the Australian portfolio benefit from long term PPAs that offer protection against the power price volatility experienced during the period. The average power price achieved across the Australian portfolio during the period, including fixed price arrangements, was A$56.11/MWh.

Power Price Forecasts

The Investment Manager uses forward looking power price assumptions to assess the likely future income of the portfolio assets for valuation purposes. The Company's assumptions are based on a blended average of the forecasts provided by third party consultants and are updated on a quarterly basis for each market.

United Kingdom

During the period, power price forecasts decreased by 8.3% mainly due to movements in the short and medium term as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The main driver has been reduction in the forecast gas and power demand and the period of lower economic output assumed by third party consultants. In the longer term the deployment of more low-cost generation, notably onshore wind, is expected to offset the upward pressure from an increase in demand.

The Company's forecasts assume an increase in power prices in real terms over the medium to long-term of 1.3% per annum (31 December 2019: 0.4%).

Where the assumed asset life extends beyond 2050, the Investment Manager has assumed no real growth in forecast power prices.

Australia

During the period, Queensland and Victoria power price forecasts decreased by 4.8% and 3.2% respectively,
mainly due to assumptions around the impact of COVID-19 in the short and medium term. Projections post 2030 were broadly in line with the December 2019 forecasts.

The Company's forecasts assume an increase in Queensland and Victoria power prices in real terms over the medium to long-term of 3.7% and 2.6% respectively, per annum.

Investment Performance

The Net Asset Value per share as at 30 June 2020 decreased to 96.0 pence compared to 103.8 pence as at 31 December 2019.

Movements in Net Asset Value

A breakdown in the movement of the Company's NAV during the reporting period is shown in the table below.


NAV

NAV per share

NAV as at December 2019

£628.0m

103.8p

Dividend paid

(£19.2m)

(3.2)p

Fund costs

(£4.8m)

(0.8)p

Time value (An uplift resulting from moving the valuation date forward)

£26.6m

4.3p

Actuals: Projects

£1.9m

0.3p

Foreign exchange movements

£2.4m

0.4p

Power price forecasts

(£52.5m)

(8.7)p

Subsidy forecasts

(£6.2m)

(1.0)p

UK discount rate changes

£10.8m

1.7p

Corporation tax change

(£3.2m)

(0.5)p

Inflation forecasts

(£4.4m)

(0.7)p

Operational

£2.7m

0.4p

NAV as at June 2020

£582.1m

96.0p

 

Valuation of The Portfolio

The Investment Manager is responsible for providing fair market valuations of the Company's underlying assets to the Board of Directors. The Directors review and approve these valuations following appropriate challenge and examination. Valuations are undertaken quarterly. A broad range of assumptions are used in the valuation models. These assumptions are based on long-term forecasts and are not affected by short-term fluctuations, economic or technical.

It is the policy of the Investment Manager to value with reference to Discounted Cash Flows ("DCF") from the latter of commissioning or transaction completion. This is partly due to the long periods between agreeing an acquisition price and financial completion of the acquisition. Occasionally this delay reflects construction. Revenues accrued do not form part of the DCF calculation in making a fair valuation.

The current portfolio consists of non-market traded investments and valuations are based on a DCF methodology or held at cost where the assets have not yet reached commissioning. This methodology adheres to both IAS 39 and IFRS 13 accounting standards as well as the International Private Equity and Venture Capital ("IPEV") Valuation Guidelines.

The Company's Directors review and challenge the operating and financial assumptions, including the discount rates, used in the valuation of the Company's portfolio and approve them based on the recommendation of the Investment Manager.

Methodology

During the period, the Investment Manager undertook a review of the discount rates applied to the valuation of the portfolio as a result of the valuation information received from participating in a number of tender processes to acquire UK operational assets during the period. As a result of this analysis, discount rates for the UK portfolio have been reduced by 0.25% from 7.00% to 6.75% on a levered basis in order to bring valuations in line with the expected market pricing for operational assets.

The discount rate used for UK asset cashflows which have received lease extensions beyond the initial investment period of 25 years is 7.75% for subsequent years, reflecting the merchant risk of the expected cash flows beyond the initial 25-year period.

For the Australian portfolio, operational assets are valued using an 8.0% discount rate. Assets under construction are valued at cost and will continue to be held at cost until the assets are connected to the grid and fully operational. These asset valuations are updated quarterly to reflect movements related to exchange rates.

The weighted average levered discount rate across the portfolio is now 6.83% compared to 7.06% as at 31 December 2019.

Asset life

The expected weighted average life of the UK portfolio as at 30 June 2020 is 30.6 years (31 December 2019: 29.8 years) from the date of commissioning. This represents a remaining portfolio useful life of 25.3 years when the historical operational periods are taken into consideration.

The average useful economic life across 40 of the 50 UK assets goes beyond 25 years, averaging 32.0 years from the date of commissioning. Additional conservative operational and lifecycle costs are incorporated into the extended useful life period.

Assets located in Australia currently assume a useful economic life of 25 years. This assumption remains under review.

Movements in Net Asset Value

Dividends Paid

The Company paid dividends of £19.2 million during the six-month period to 30 June 2020 or 3.20p per share.

Fund Costs

Total costs of £4.8 million, which include corporation tax, management fees, finance and other costs, were incurred by the Company and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis during the period.

Time Value

A value uplift resulting from moving the valuation date forward and therefore bringing future cash flows closer to the present date (and therefore discounting them less).

Actuals: Projects

Cash generation from UK projects exceeded modelled forecasts by £1.9 million in the period due to base case outperformance.

Foreign Exchange Movements

Fluctuations in the exchange rate over the period impacted the GBP valuation of Australian assets.

Power Price Forecasts

The Company uses forward looking power price assumptions to assess the likely future income of the portfolio assets for valuation purposes. The Company's assumptions are based upon a blended average of the forecasts provided by third party consultants and are updated on a quarterly basis.

Subsidy Forecasts

The Company uses forward looking price assumptions to assess the likely future income of both LGC and ROC recycle income from the Australian and UK portfolio respectively.

UK Discount Rate Changes

As reported, the levered discount rate for UK operational assets has decreased from 7.0% to 6.75%.

Corporation Tax Change

The Government has held the corporation tax rate flat at 19%, abandoning the previously announced plan to cut the rate to 17%.

Inflation Forecasts

The Company uses short term inflation forecasts as released by the Office of Budget Responsibility. As a result of lower forecast inflation, revenues linked to RPI will be adversely impacted.

Operational

The Company has extended the forecast useful economic life of UK solar assets to 40 years within existing land restrictions.

Valuation Sensitivities

Where possible, assumptions are based on observable market and technical data. In many cases, such as forward power prices, independent advisors are used to provide evidenced information enabling the Investment Manager to adopt a prudent approach. The Investment Manager has set out the inputs which it has ascertained would have a material effect upon the NAV in note 16 of the Financial Statements. All sensitivities are calculated independently of each other.

Outlook

While the COVID-19 pandemic has been an unexpected shock to financial and energy markets across the globe, it is unlikely to have a long-term impact on the future importance of renewable energy generation given the long-term challenge that climate change presents. At the time of writing, economies are re-opening, albeit at different speeds, and power demand with prices starting to recover as industries return to normal operation.

The United Kingdom remains committed to decarbonisation and achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. The COVID-19 pandemic could provide additional momentum to future renewables growth despite the hiatus in construction caused by the national shutdown and the reduction in short and medium term power price forecasts. Countries across Europe have committed vast sums to stimulate economic recovery with large portions of this spending earmarked for 'green recovery' programmes and tackling climate change. The UK has already committed £3 billion to a green investment package with promises of further infrastructure spending. Investment in the grid and its future stability will likely be a policy priority going forwards.

Before the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, solar deployment across the UK and Europe was forecast to pick up rapidly in 2020 as decreasing construction costs and increasing investor demand drove a new wave of subsidy-free buildout. In the UK, a pipeline of approximately 10GW of subsidy-free projects is estimated to be in planning stages and while the pandemic is expected to delay the installation of new projects as a result of the lower power price environment, the attractiveness of renewable energy to investors remains undiminished.

The landscape for the acquisition of operational subsidised assets in the UK and European is highly competitive and is expected to remain so in the foreseeable future, as a result of the low interest rate environment and the resilience demonstrated by returns from renewable investments. At the current level of pricing for quality operational assets, the number of attractive growth opportunities for the Company in the secondary market will continue to be low.

The Investment Manager, through its network of advisers and project developers, has identified and reviewed a significant number of investment opportunities during the period and secured exclusivity over approximately 150MW of subsidy-free assets in Spain. The assets have been secured from a small number of vendors and are expected to be acquired in the near future. The deals are conservatively structured and will have in place long term PPAs with creditworthy counterparties for the sale of electricity. In our view the Spanish market represents one of the most established subsidy-free markets, benefiting from consistently high irradiation and attractive long-term PPAs with high quality counterparties without the support of government subsidies. Although the Company will continue to be predominantly invested in the UK, the successful acquisition of the Spanish assets will bring additional diversification benefits to the portfolio.

We will continue to monitor the UK, Europe, and other global markets for further attractive investment opportunities.

At portfolio level, we will continue to focus on consistently delivering strong operational performance and identifying optimisation initiatives, at a commercial and technical level, that support additional value creation for the Company. This includes the ongoing development of battery storage co-location opportunities across a limited number of UK assets.

Financial Review

The Company publishes "Consolidated Financial Statements" in which it is a requirement that investment entities value all their subsidiaries that are themselves investment entities at fair value. The Directors deem the Company to be an investment entity which therefore accounts for its interest in its wholly owned direct subsidiary Foresight Solar (UK Hold Co) Limited as an investment at fair value through profit or loss.

The Company's intermediate holding companies provide services that relate to the Company's investment activities on behalf of the parent. These companies are recognised in the financial statements at their fair value, which is equivalent to their net assets.

The Company and its intermediate holding companies (the "Group") hold investments in 54 portfolio assets which make distributions in the form of interest on loans and dividends of equity as well as loan repayments and equity redemptions.

For more information on the basis of accounting and Company structure please see refer to the Notes to the Financial Statements starting on page 52.

Key metrics for the period ended 30 June 2020

 All amounts presented in £million (except as noted)

Period ended

30-Jun 2020

Year ended

31-Dec 2019

Net assets(1)

582.1

628.0

Gross portfolio value(2)

981.1

1,030.3

Operating income and gains/(losses) on fair value of investments

(23.4)

(3.8)

Net assets per share

96.0p

103.8p

Distributions, repayments and fees from portfolio

21.2

52.0

Loss before tax

(26.7)

(10.8)

(1) Also referred to as Net Asset Value or "NAV".

(2) Classified as fair value of underlying gross assets in the portfolio

Net Assets

Net assets decreased from £628.0 million at 31 December 2019 to £582.1 million at 30 June 2020, primarily driven by the reduction of long-term power price forecast on the portfolio value.

The net assets of £582.1 million comprise £981.1 million portfolio value of UK and Australian solar investments and the Company's cash balance of £4.7 million, the intermediate holding companies' cash balances of £50.9 million, partially offset by £440.4 million of intermediate holding companies' net liabilities and other net liabilities of £14.2 million.

The intermediate holding companies' net liabilities of £440.4 million comprises long term debt of £400.4 million and a £40.0 million revolving credit facility ("RCF").

Analysis of the Group's net assets at 30 June 2020

 

All amounts presented in £million (except as noted)

At 30 June

2020

At 31 December

2019

Gross portfolio value [1]

981.1

1,030.3

Intermediate holding companies' cash [1]

50.9

42.8

Intermediate holding companies' long term debt

(400.4)

(403.5)

Intermediate holding companies' revolving credit facility

(40.0)

(40.0)

Intermediate holding companies' other assets / (liabilities) [1]

(12.4)

(18.6)

Fair value of the Company's investment in portfolio

579.2

611.0

Company's cash [1]

4.7

18.9

Company's other liabilities [1]

(1.8)

(1.9)

Net Asset Value at 30 June 2020

582.1

628.0

Number of shares

606,311,896

605,196,526

Net Asset Value per share

96.0p

103.8p

[1] GAV is equal to the sum of the portfolio value, Intermediate holding companies' cash, Intermediate holding companies' other liabilities, Company's cash and Company's other liabilities

Third Party Debt Arrangements and Gearing Position

As at 30 June 2020, total outstanding long-term debt was £400.4 million, representing 39% of the GAV (calculated as NAV plus outstanding debt) of the Company and its subsidiaries (31 December 2019: £403.5 million or 38% of GAV).

As at 30 June 2020, total outstanding debt including RCFs was £440.4 million, representing 43% of GAV (31 December 2019: £443.5 million or 41% of GAV).

The Company's Group net debt position, after deducting existing Group cash balances, is £384.9 million, representing 38% of GAV.

Long-Term Facilities

As at 30 June 2020, £400.4 million of long-term debt facilities were outstanding.

Inflation linked debt facilities represent £84.3 million of total long-term debt outstanding as at 30 June 2020.

At 30 June 2020, the average cost of long-term debt, was 2.70% per annum, including the cost of inflation linked facilities of 1.34% per annum. The cost of the inflation linked facility is expected to increase over time assuming the Company's long-term annual RPI forecast of 2.75%, to an equivalent average annual cost of around 3.1% over the term of the facilities.

Revolving Credit Facilities

The Company currently holds two separate RCF facilities totalling £105 million. The £65 million RCF provided by NatWest was undrawn as at 30 June 2020.

At 30 June 2020, the weighted total cost of the RCFs was 2.7% (2019: 2.8%).

 

Debt Structure

The following table summarises the debt position of the Company as at 30 June 2020.

Borrower

Holding Vehicle

Provider

Facility
Type

Amount Outstanding (m)

Maturity

Applicable Rate

FS Holdco Ltd

FS Holdco 1

MIDIS

Fixed rate, fully-amortising

£60.8

Mar-34

3.78%

MIDIS

Inflation linked, fully-amortising

£58.7

Mar-34

RPI Index + 1.08%

Santander/Aviva

Term loan, fully-amortising

£19.7

Mar-24

LIBOR + 1.70%

FS Debtco Ltd

FS Holdco 2

SMBC & Helaba

Term loan, fully-amortizing

£13.5

 Mar-22

LIBOR + 1.20%

FS Debtco Ltd

FS Holdco 2

SMBC & Helaba

Term loan, fully-amortizing

£154.3

Mar-36

LIBOR + 1.30%

Second Generation Portfolio 1 Ltd

FS Holdco 3

MIDIS

Fixed rate, fully-amortising

£4.0

Aug-34

4.40%

Second Generation Portfolio 1 Ltd

FS Holdco1

MIDIS

Inflation linked, fully-amortising

£25.6

Aug-34

RPI Index + 1.70%

Foresight Solar Australia Pty Ltd

FS Holdco 41

CEFC

Term loan

A$40.42

Jun-27

Base rate (2.95%) + margin (2.55% to 2.80%)

Longreach Finco Pty Ltd


CEFC

Term loan

A$5.62

Mar-22

Base rate (2.57%)

Base rate (3.28%)1

Base rate (2.58%)

Base rate (3.14%)1

+ margin
(construction - 1.55%; operation - 1.40%)

Longreach Finco Pty Ltd


MUFG

Term loan

A$5.61

Mar-22

Oakey 1 Finco Pty Ltd


CEFC

Term loan

A$8.41

Mar-22

Oakey 1 Finco Pty Ltd


MUFG

Term loan

A$8.41

Mar-22

Oakey 2 Finco Pty Ltd


CEFC

Term loan

A$44.9

Oct-22

Base rate (2.48%) + 2.25%

TOTAL LONG-TERM DEBT




£400.4



FS Holdco Ltd

FS Holdco 1

Santander

Revolving credit

£40.0

Mar-22

LIBOR + 1.75%

Foresight Intermediate Solar Holding Ltd

FS Top Holdco 2

NatWest

Revolving credit

£nil

Aug-22

LIBOR + 2.00%

TOTAL REVOLVING DEBT




£40.0



TOTAL DEBT




£440.4



1 Interest rate swap for 100% of the outstanding debt during the initial five years, 75% from years six to ten and 50% thereafter

2 Australian debt prorated for Company's share of asset ownership. AUD/GBP exchange rate of 0.56 as at 30 June 2020

The Company continues to have limited exposure to benchmark rate movements in the UK and Australia as a result of the long-term interest rate swaps in place to protect the Company from underlying interest rate movements. Sterling denominated debt facilities priced over LIBOR benefit from interest rate swaps hedging between 80% and 100% of the outstanding debt during the terms of the loans, depending on the facility. In Australia, debt facilities entered into with the CEFC have no exposure to the Bank Bill Swap Bid Rate ("BBSY") as the rate was fixed at financial close. Debt facilities provided by Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group ("MUFG") have in place interest rate swaps on a decreasing nominal amount for a notional tenor of 20 years.

Profit and Loss

The Company's loss before tax for the period ended 30 June 2020 is £(26.7)m, generating losses of 4.4 pence per share.

 

All amounts presented in £million (except as noted) 

6 month

period ended

30 June 2020

Year ended

31 December

2019

Interest received on Foresight Solar (UK HoldCo) loan notes

19.7

39.2

Dividend received from Foresight Solar (UK HoldCo)

0.0

0.0

Net losses on investments at fair value

(43.1)

(43.0)

Operating income and losses on fair value of investments

(23.4)

(3.8)

Operating expenses

(3.3)

(6.9)

Loss before tax

(26.7)

(10.8)

Earnings per share

(4.4)p

(1.8)p

In the period to 30 June 2020, the operating income and gains/(losses) on fair value of investments was £(23.4) million which comprised of the receipt of £19.7 million of interest on the Foresight Solar (UK HoldCo) loan notes and £43.1m net losses on investments at fair value incurred in the period.

Operating expenses included in the income statement for the period were £3.3 million, in line with expectations. These comprise Investment Management fees of £2.9 million and £0.4 million of operating expenses. The details on how the Investment Management fees are charged are as set out in note 5 to the financial statements.

Cash flow

The Company had a total cash balance at 30 June 2020 of £4.7 million (31 December 2019 of £18.9 million). This amount excludes cash held in Subsidiaries. The breakdown of the movements in cash during the year is shown below.

Cash flows of the Company only for the period to 30 June 2020 (£million)


Period ended

30 June

2020

Period ended

31 December

2019

Cash balance at 1 January

18.9

12.3

Net proceeds from share issues

-

64.5

Investment in Foresight Solar (UK HoldCo) (equity and loan notes)

-

(55.0)

Interest on loan notes received from Foresight Solar (UK HoldCo)

8.3

40.0

Directors' fees and expenses

(0.1)

(0.2)

Investment Management fees

(3.0)

(6.0)

Administrative expenses

(0.2)

(0.7)

Dividends paid in cash to shareholders

(19.2)

(36.0)

Company cash balance at 30 June

4.7

18.9

Cash flows of the Company and intermediate holding companies for the 12-month period to 30 June 2020 (£million)

During the 12 months to 30 June 2020 the underlying solar assets paid £68.9 million of ordinary distributions to the intermediate holding companies. An additional £12.4 million was distributed ahead of the refinancing in August 2019.

Cash received from underlying solar investments covers the long-term debt repayments, financing costs and the operating and administrative expenses of the Company and the intermediate holding companies as well as the dividends declared to shareholders.

 

 

12 Month Period

ended 30-June

2020

Ordinary cash distributions from solar investments

68.9

Insurance proceeds

0.9

Administrative expenses

(1.2)

Directors' fees and expenses

(0.2)

Investment Management fees

(6.0)

Financing costs (net of interest income)

(6.9)

Repayments of long-term debt facilities

(14.6)

Cash flow from operations

40.9

Additional cash distributions from solar investments for refinancing

12.4

Net proceeds from share issues

64.5

Bond call proceeds

6.3

Refinancing fees

(2.9)

Repayment of revolving credit facility borrowings

(65.0)

Dividends paid in cash to shareholders

(37.1)

Cash movement in the period

19.1

Opening cash balance

36.5

Group cash balance at 30 June

55.6

Dividend Cover

Total dividends of £19.2 million were paid during the period to 30 June 2020 with £37.1 million paid during the 12 months to 30 June 2020. Compared with the relevant net cash flows from operations of the Company and underlying investments of £40.9 million, these dividends were covered 1.10 times (30 June 2019: 1.12 times).

Dividends

The Company is targeting a full year dividend for the year ending 31 December 2020 of 6.91 pence, representing a 2.20% increase against the dividend declared for the 2019 financial year. The Company has met all target dividends since IPO and follows a progressive dividend policy aiming to grow its dividend over time.

Dividend Timetable for FY2020

Dividend

Amount

Status

Payment Date

Interim 1

1.72 pence

Paid

28 August 2020

Interim 2

1.73 pence

Declared

27 November 2020

Interim 3

1.73 pence

Targeted

Q1 2021

Interim 4

1.73 pence

Targeted

Q2 2021

TOTAL

6.91 pence



 

On 2 September 2020 the Board approved the second interim dividend relating to FY2020 of 1.73 pence per share.

Dividend Timetable - Interim 2

Date

Ex-dividend Date

29 October 2020

Record Date

30 October 2020

Payment Date

27 November 2020

 

Full details of the scrip dividend alternative that is being offered in respect of the Dividend (the "Scrip Offer"), its timetable and the Scrip Dividend Scheme can be found in the Scrip Dividend Alternative Offer Document (the "Scrip Document") available on the Company's website to view and/or download at fsfl.foresightgroup.eu/investor-relations/. The Scrip Document is also available on the National Storage Mechanism website at www.morningstar.co.uk/uk/NSM and copies are also available for inspection at JTC House, 28 Esplanade, St. Helier, Jersey JE2 3QA.

Foreign Exchange

The Company is exposed to foreign exchange movements in respect of its investments in Australia. As such, the Company continues to implement a hedging strategy in order to reduce the possible impact of currency fluctuations and to minimise the volatility of equity returns and cash flow distributions. The Company has entered into forward contracts for up to two years for an amount equivalent to approximately 75% of its expected distributable foreign currency cash flows at project level. Due to the predictable nature of solar irradiation in Australia and the known dividend payment dates, the Investment Manager believes this hedging strategy will protect the cash yields from the Australian assets.

Foreign exchange hedging will not be applied to the cost of the equity investments, considering the long-term investment strategy of the Company.

The Company reviews its foreign exchange strategy on a regular basis with the objective of limiting the short-term volatility in sterling distributable cash flows caused by foreign exchange fluctuations and optimising the costs of the hedging instruments.

Ongoing Charges

The ongoing charges ratio for the period to 30 June 2019 was 1.14% (31 December 2019: 1.14%). This has been calculated using methodology as recommended by the Association of Investment Companies ("AIC"). Asset management fees charged by Foresight Group LLP on an arm's length basis at project level are excluded from the ongoing charge ratio.

 

 

Asset Managers Report

Portfolio Performance

The operational performance during the period has been significantly higher than expected with UK electricity generation 15.9% above base case, when adjusted for minor compensation payments received from O&M counterparties. Performance has been driven by irradiation 17.1% above base case. The irradiation levels in May 2020 in particular, exceeded base case by more
than 35%.

Although above average levels of irradiation were seen from March through to May 2020, there is not a direct linear relationship between irradiation and electricity generation. Higher irradiation and therefore temperatures reduce the efficiency of the solar modules resulting in a lower percentage of irradiation (over and above our base case) being converted into electricity.

The impact of COVID-19 on operational performance has been minimal with site operators acting promptly when reactive maintenance was required in the field. Where preventative maintenance activities were postponed, they will still be completed within the contractual year. A number of Distribution Network Operators ("DNO") planned outages were also postponed during the COVID-19 period but were subsequently carried out later. The Asset Manager has actively engaged with the DNOs to reduce the impact as much as possible.

Minor performance related issues during the period included DNO outages (Sawmills, Welbeck, Wymeswold) and equipment failures that were promptly rectified, as was the case at Sheepbridge which was affected by faults on string combiner boxes and inverter issues.

The portfolio has continued to benefit from additional key spare parts being purchased following the strategic review in 2018 and throughout 2019. There has also been continuous development and consolidation of the inhouse monitoring tools to enhance fault notifications leading to quicker remediation and therefore reduced downtime.

Optimisation of the portfolio remains a key focus with existing projects including the use of string optimisers continuing to be monitored to ensure a full dataset is obtained. Results of this initiative are due to be reviewed towards the end of 2020. At Pitworthy an inverter station was successfully repowered with string inverters to maintain the site's performance. New optimisation initiatives, including antireflective coating technology, continue to be investigated and appraised across the portfolio.

O&M benchmarking has been maintained to ensure that fees remain competitive for the services procured, whilst a number of O&M contracts are also currently being renegotiated to bring them in line with market in terms of both fee and scope.

During the period, in Australia, Bannerton resolved its temporary network constraint and resumed generation at full export capacity on the 23 of April. The site export capacity was limited to 50% of total capacity negatively affecting electricity generation during the period. Since the temporary network constraint has been resolved the site has been exporting at full capacity and no further impact to performance is expected going forwards.

Longreach continues to experience some limited levels of grid curtailment caused by export constraints at one of the local substations. A solution to the curtailment issue is being implemented by the local DNO. It is currently undergoing testing and is expected to be fully implemented before the end of 2020.

Assets under Construction

In Australia Oakey 2 has progressed its staged commissioning process, reaching approximately 75% of its nominal capacity. The project is expected to be fully commissioned later in 2020.

Electricity Generation

The generation figures below have been adjusted, where relevant, for events where compensation has been, or will be, received.

UK

Site

MW

Total Electricity Generation
 (MWh)

Generation
Variance  vs Base Case

Irradiation
Variance vs Base Case

Abbey Fields

4.9

3,236

19.9%

19.5%

Abergelli

7.7

 4,301

7.3%

8.4%

Atherstone

14.8

 8,290

15.1%

18.3%

Bilsthorpe

5.7

 3,301

15.1%

17.3%

Bournemouth

37.3

 24,042

15.3%

12.9%

Bulls Head

5.5

 3,363

23.3%

21.7%

Castle Eaton

17.8

 10,719

24.7%

22.2%

Coombeshead

9.8

 5,852

7.7%

9.8%

Copley

30.0

 17,474

17.5%

15.7%

Crow Trees

4.7

 2,621

14.6%

17.4%

Cuckoo Grove

6.1

 3,618

-3.3%

-1.0%

Field House

6.4

 3,909

14.3%

18.2%

Fields Farm

5.0

 3,077

23.1%

20.5%

Gedling

5.7

 3,274

16.8%

19.0%

High Penn

9.6

 6,974

17.2%

18.3%

Highfields

12.2

 5,716

17.3%

20.1%

Homeland

13.2

 8,132

8.2%

10.4%

Hunters Race

10.3

 6,278

10.9%

14.0%

Kencot Hill

37.2

 22,742

20.1%

19.8%

Landmead

45.9

 27,298

20.8%

24.8%

Lindridge

4.9

 2,864

14.3%

13.3%

Manor Farm

14.2

 7,866

19.0%

21.0%

Marsh Farm

9.1

 5,754

16.2%

17.4%

Membury

16.5

 10,130

20.4%

18.5%

Misson

5.0

 2,934

15.5%

13.5%

Nowhere

8.1

 5,018

18.6%

20.3%

Paddock Wood

9.2

 5,828

20.2%

17.6%

Park Farm

13.2

 7,409

17.4%

15.4%

Pen Y Cae

6.8

 3,808

8.9%

11.0%

Pitworthy

15.6

 8,788

13.7%

9.1%

Playters

8.6

 5,175

12.1%

17.6%

Port Farm

34.7

 21,256

20.3%

20.1%






Roskrow

8.9

 4,881

-1.1%

0.7%

Sandridge

49.6

 29,668

15.5%

18.2%

Sawmills

6.6

 3,776

5.5%

12.6%

Sheepbridge

5.0

 2,970

20.2%

26.1%

Shotwick

72.2

 40,304

14.7%

17.1%

Southam

10.3

 6,189

20.6%

21.9%

Spriggs

12.0

 7,240

17.8%

16.3%

Steventon

10.0

 6,256

18.5%

21.3%

SV Ash

8.4

 4,825

16.3%

18.6%

Tengore

3.6

 2,269

15.6%

13.1%

Trehawke

10.6

 6,389

9.5%

12.0%

Upper Huntingford

7.7

 4,714

20.3%

18.5%

Verwood

20.7

 13,031

17.3%

17.9%

Wally Corner

5.0

 3,051

16.2%

21.5%

Welbeck

11.3

 6,538

14.8%

18.6%

Wymeswold

34.5

 18,776

12.7%

17.1%

Yarburgh

8.1

 4,864

14.7%

16.3%

Yardwall

3.0

 1,909

12.1%

11.6%

Total

740.4

428,692

15.9%


Weighted Total




17.1%

Australia





Site

MW

Total Electricity Generation
 (MWh)

Generation

Variance

Irradiation
Variance

Bannerton

53.44

28,434

-43.6%

-11.1%

Longreach

8.46

8,053

-8.8%

1.8%

Oakey 1

14.54

13,112

-4.1%

1.2%

Total


73, 887*

-46.2%


Weighted Total




-10.3%

Total includes 24,288 MWh pre-commissioning electricity generation from Oakey 2 site,

 

 

Sustainability and ESG

Approach

Sustainability and Environmental, Social and Governance ("ESG") considerations are firmly at the centre of the Company's strategy, helping to inform its investment process and its asset management operations.

The nature of the Company's business means it is well positioned to serve the needs of those investors seeking to achieve positive environmental and social outcomes alongside attractive financial returns.

There are five central themes to Foresight Group's Sustainability Evaluation Criteria, which are applied to its investments:

1) Sustainable Development Contribution

Mobilising investment in resilient and sustainable infrastructure that increase resource and energy efficiency while driving decarbonisation and meeting climate change targets.

2 ) Environmental Footprint

Assessing projects against any potential contributions they may make to the minimisation of air, land and water pollution, biodiversity loss, and noise and light pollution. Long-term climate resilience is also an essential consideration.

3) Social Engagement

Remaining conscious of our role in the local communities in which our assets operate and engaging local stakeholders.

4) Governance

Ensuring that infrastructure project companies comply with all relevant legislative and legal requirements.

5) Third Party Interactions

Aligning our work with socially minded and responsible counterparties and ensuring our engagement with them is shaped by ESG performance.

Please refer to the 2019 Annual Report for an in-depth exploration of each of these five themes.

Sustainability and ESG Highlights

The Company reports on its ESG initiatives and progress in its Annual Report, however the following highlights were achieved in the reporting period:

Generated 502,579 MWh of clean energy, enough to power over 173,000 UK homes for a year. This represents an increase of over 25% year-on-year

Donated approximately £67,000 to local communities in which it operates via grants to local authorities and parishes

Established O&M Provider Sustainability Agreements with three major counterparties which commits these suppliers to complying with a comprehensive ESG Framework (more details provided later in this section)

The Investment Manager maintained its A+ rating for Strategy & Governance, and improved its Infrastructure score from A to A+ in its annual PRI assessment

Contribution to Sustainable Development Goals

Demonstrating Foresight Group's commitment to sustainability is the Company's ability to report against the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals ("SDGs"). The SDGs, which were adopted by all United Nations member states in 2015, comprise the most urgent economic, social and environmental issues to be addressed for peace and prosperity for people and the planet.

While we support all SDGs, Foresight Group contributes most significantly to the following:

CONTRIBUTION TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS


Goal 3: "Good Health and Well-Being. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages." Achieved through the reduction of pollution and emitted greenhouse gases ("GHGs") by the installation and management of clean, low-carbon energy generation assets.


Goal 7: "Affordable and Clean Energy. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy." Achieved by driving a reduced reliance on fossil fuels by investment in utility-scale, renewable energy generation assets.


Goal 9: "Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation." Achieved by future-proofing energy systems through investment in de-centralised, interconnected generation assets, using the latest technologies to maximise electrical output.


Goal 13: "Climate Action. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts." Achieved by demonstrating commitment to the 2015 Paris Agreement and contributing to the globally supported decarbonisation agenda through investment in low-carbon, renewable energy assets.


Goal 15: "Life on Land. Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss." Achieved by preserving the integrity of land through investment in low-impact and low-polluting technologies and introducing environmental initiatives through active asset management, supporting biodiversity and the ecosystem.

 

O&M Provider Sustainability Agreement

As detailed in previous reports the Investment Manager has been working closely with its major suppliers and counterparties to encourage the adoption of ESG and sustainability policies where such policies either did not exist or were not as robust as that of the Investment Manager's own.

The Company is now pleased to report that significant progress has been made on this initiative. Foresight has established an O&M Provider Sustainability Agreement which has been signed by three of the Company's major O&M providers. As important stakeholders in the success of the Company, we are pleased that these key O&M providers have agreed to align their approach with that of our own in placing sustainability at the heart of their operations.

This ground-breaking agreement stipulates where Foresight believes positive environmental and social outcomes can be achieved within supplier activity. Foresight also believes that adherence can offer long-term cost benefit and business opportunities through more efficient use of resources and intelligent forward planning.

In the long-term, Foresight will expect its O&M providers to track their own performance in these areas and provide related evidence. Foresight also expects its O&M providers to communicate these requirements and standards within their supply chain.

In order to review the performance of our O&M providers, the Investment Manager will meet with them once a year and discuss how these principles worked in practice, as well as working together to update the principles, if necessary. Foresight plans to integrate these principles into future O&M contracts.

The principles that underpin the obligations of the agreements incorporate elements of both the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the Principles for Responsible Investment ("PRI") international frameworks.

The key commitments in the areas of Environmental, Social, and Governance policies are set out below:

1. Environmental

a. Reduction of fuel use. All suppliers should aim to source local contractors to reduce the 'miles travelled' and associated fuel costs. Consideration should also be given to the use of more fuel efficient / hybrid vehicles to further reduce fuel use and CO2 emissions. Where possible, the use of public transport is also encouraged. Suppliers should aim to track fuel use and CO2 emissions per site/MW.

b. Recycling and waste management. Suppliers will be expected to track the amount of waste produced at site (inclusive of construction phases) and ensure that the maximum possible amount of waste is recycled in accordance with local regulations. This is applicable both at site, and within the suppliers' offices.

c. Reduction of water use. All suppliers are expected to be conscious of the water usage in their operations and should seek to minimise water use through adoption of new processes and use of more efficient equipment or methodologies.

d. Reduction of herbicide use. The grassland and wildflower meadows on solar farms are a valuable environmental asset that must be protected. They also represent a significant financial investment (and often a consent requirement). Suppliers will be expected to manage sites to ensure dense grass coverage and to minimise weeds, rather than allow weed infestations to develop that require intensive herbicide use to manage. The use of non-selective herbicides such as glyphosate should be limited to applications where only weeds are targeted and no other vegetation is touched, such as spot treatment of weeds and weed wiping. The practice of industrial-scale spraying of non-selective herbicides should be avoided as it destroys the valuable grassland and wildflower asset and often results in ongoing and worsening weed infestations and weakened soil structure.

e. Enhancement of biodiversity. Appropriate consideration should be given to the introduction of initiatives that support biodiversity and ecosystem enhancement (e.g. sheep grazing, bee hives, swales, hedgerow planting.) as well as initiatives that reduce adverse environmental impacts (e.g. lightweight vehicles to avoid ground ruts, reduction of CO2 emissions.).

2. Social

a. UK Living Wage. All suppliers should aim to ensure the UK Living Wage is paid to all employees and to achieve UK Living Wage accreditation by 2021.

b. Working conditions. All suppliers are to ensure adequate working conditions are provided to all employees on site and in the office through the provision of adequate equipment, training and Health & Safety procedures.

c. Working Time Regulations. Ensure that employment practices are in line with the UK Government's Working Time Directive at all times.

d. Overtime and work under adverse conditions. All suppliers should aim to adequately pay their employees for overtime and work under adverse conditions.

e. Regional contractors. All suppliers should aim to use regional contractors whenever possible to support local employment and to provide local economic benefits. This has the added benefit of harbouring local support for both the supplier and the asset as a whole.

3. Governance

a. Modern Slavery Act. All suppliers are to ensure they comply with the UK Government's Modern Slavery Act 2015 and be able to provide evidence of the processes they have in place to ensure compliance.

b. Bribery Act. All suppliers are to ensure they comply with the Bribery Act 2010 and be able to provide evidence of the processes they have in place to ensure compliance.

c. Anti-money laundering regulations. All suppliers are to ensure they comply with the anti-money laundering regulations as laid out in the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 and be able to provide evidence of the processes they have in place to ensure compliance.

d. Comply with environmental regulations and permits. All suppliers are to ensure the stipulations in the site-specific environmental regulations and permits are adhered to at all times and should be able to evidence how these requirements are being fulfilled.

 

 

PRINCIPAL RISKS

 

The Directors consider the following as the principal risks and uncertainties to the Company at this time:

Risks relating to the sale of electricity and potential impact upon future power prices

Risks relating to regulatory changes to subsidy schemes

Risks relating to gearing

Risks relating to RPI inflation

Risks relating to the conclusion of post-Brexit UK/European Union negotiations

Risks relating to marginal loss factors applicable to the Australian assets

Risks relating to the construction of solar PV assets

Risks relating to exchange rate

More detailed information on the risks and uncertainties affecting the Company can be found on pages 19-37 of the Company's most recent Prospectus issued on 3 March 2017 and the Risk Management section in the Company's latest Full Year Results Report for the year ended 31 December 2019.

Emerging Risks identified during the period:

Risks relating to global pandemics, such as COVID-19, and the potential future impact on operational performance, power prices, revenues and equity distributions in the short and medium-term. For details of the impact of Covid-19 during the period please refer to the Investment Manager's report.

 

 

STATEMENT OF DIRECTORS RESPONSIBILITIES

 

The Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules ("DTR") of the UK Listing Authority require the Directors to confirm their responsibilities in relation to the preparation and publication of the Unaudited Half-Yearly Financial Report for the six months ended 30 June 2020.

The Directors confirm to the best of their knowledge that:

(a)  the summarised set of financial statements has been prepared in accordance with the pronouncement on interim reporting issued by the Accounting Standards Board;

(b)  the Unaudited Half-Yearly Financial Report for the six months ended 30 June 2020 includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.7R (indication of important events during the first six months of the year and a description of principal risks and uncertainties that the Company faces for the remaining six months of the year);

(c)  the summarised set of financial statements give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit or loss of the Company as required by DTR 4.2.4R; and

(d)  the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.8R (disclosure of related parties' transactions and changes therein).

 

Alexander Ohlsson
Chairman

 

 

Statement of Comprehensive Income

For and on behalf of Foresight Solar Fund Limited
2 September 2020


Notes

Unaudited Period
1 January 2020 to
30 June 2020

£'000

Unaudited Period
1 January 2019 to
30 June 2019

£'000

Audited year
1 January 2019 to
31 December 2019

£'000






Revenue





Interest income

4

19,695

19,698

39,199

Loss on investments at fair value through profit or loss

14

(43,131)

(6,972)

(43,001)








(23,436)

12,726

(3,802)

Expenditure





Management fees

5

(2,907)

(2,972)

(5,967)

Administration and accountancy expenses

6

(91)

(83)

(186)

Directors' fees

7

(108)

(85)

(196)

Other expenses

8

(201)

(189)

(600)






Total expenditure


(3,307)

(3,329)

(6,949)






(Loss)/profit before tax for the period/year


(26,743)

9,397

(10,751)

Taxation


-

-

-






(Loss)/profit for the period/year


(26,743)

9,397

(10,751)






Other comprehensive income


-

-

-






(Loss)/profit and total comprehensive income for the period/year


(26,743)

9,397

(10,751)






Earnings per Ordinary Share (pence per Share)

9

(4.42)

1.71

(1.89)






All items above arise from continuing operations, there have been no discontinued operations during the period.

 

The accompanying notes on pages 51 to 81 form an integral part of these Financial Statements.

 

 

Statement of Financial Position

 


 

Notes

Unaudited

30 June

2020

£'000

Unaudited

30 June

2019

£'000

Audited
31 December 2019

£'000

Assets










Non-current assets





Investments held at fair value through profit or loss

14

499,055

523,215

542,186






Total non-current assets


499,055

523,215

542,186






Current assets





Interest receivable

10

79,948

74,190

68,553

Trade and other receivables

11

250

258

255

Cash and cash equivalents

12

4,655

5,710

18,933






Total current assets


84,853

80,158

87,741






Total assets


583,908

603,373

629,927






Equity





Retained earnings


(44,107)

42,742

3,102

Stated capital

17

626,174

558,798

624,922






Total equity


582,067

601,540

628,024






Liabilities










Current liabilities





Trade and other payables

13

1,841

1,833

1,903






Total current liabilities


1,841

1,833

1,903






Total liabilities


1,841

1,833

1,903






Total equity and liabilities


583,908

603,373

629,927






Net Asset Value per Ordinary Share

18

96.0

109.6

103.77

 

The Financial Statements on pages 47 to 81 were approved by the Board of Directors on 2 September 2020

 

The accompanying notes on pages 51 to 81 form an integral part of these Financial Statements.

 

 

Statement of Changes in Equity

 


 

 

Notes

Stated Capital

£'000

Retained Earnings

£'000

Total

£'000






Balance as at 1 January 2020


624,922

3,102

628,024






Total comprehensive income for the period:





Loss for the period


-

(26,743)

(26,743)






Transactions with owners, recognised directly in equity:





Dividends paid in the period

21

-

(19,214)

(19,214)

Issue of Scrip Dividends

17

1,252

(1,252)

-






Balance as at 30 June 2020


624,174

(44,107)

582,067

For the period 1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019 (unaudited)



Stated Capital

Retained Earnings

Total


Notes

£'000

£'000

£'000






Balance as at 1 January 2019:


558,798

51,460

610,258

Total comprehensive income for the period:





Profit for the period


-

9,397

9,397






Transactions with owners, recognised directly in equity:





Dividends paid in the period

21

-

(18,115)

(18,115)






Balance as at 30 June 2019


558,798

42,742

601,540

For the period 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019 (audited)


 

 

Notes

Stated Capital

£'000

Retained Earnings

£'000

Total

£'000






Balance as at 1 January 2019:

558,798

51,460

610,258

Total comprehensive income for the year:




Loss for the year


-

(10,751)

(10,751)






Transactions with owners, recognised directly in equity:





Dividends paid in the year

21

-

(35,997)

(35,997)

Issue of Ordinary Shares

17

65,324

-

65,324

Issue of Scrip Dividends

17

1,610

(1,610)

-

Issue costs

17

(810)

-

(810)






Balance as at 31 December 2019


624,922

3,102

628,024

 

The accompanying notes on pages 51 to 81 form an

 integral part of these Financial Statements.

For the period 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2020

 

 

Statement of Cash Flows


Unaudited

Period

1 January 2020

to

30 June 2020

Unaudited

Period

1 January 2019

to

30 June 2019

Audited

Year

1 January 2019

to

31 December 2019


£'000

£'000

£'000





(Loss)/profit for the period after tax from continuing operations

(26,743)

9,397

(10,751)

Adjustments for:




Unrealised loss on investments

43,131

6,972

43,001

Investment income

(19,695)

(19,698)

(39,199)





Operating cash flows

(3,307)

(3,329)

(6,949)





Decrease in trade and other receivables

5

7

10

(Decrease)/Increase in trade and other payables

(62)

19

89





Net cash outflow from operating activities

(3,364)

(3,303)

(6,850)





Investing activities




Increase in shareholder loan to/from subsidiary

 

-

 

-

 

(55,000)

Investment income received

8,300

14,846

39,984





Net cash inflow/(outflow) from investing activities

8,300

14,846

(15,016)





Financing activities




Dividends paid

(19,214)

(18,115)

(35,997)

Issue costs paid

-

-

(810)

Proceeds from issue of shares

-

-

65,324





Net cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities

(19,214)

(18,115)

28,517





Net (decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents

(14,278)

(6,572)

6,651

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period/year

18,933

12,282

12,282





Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period/year

4,655

5,710

18,933

 

The accompanying notes on pages 51 to 81 form an integral part of these Financial Statements.

 

Notes to the Financial Statements

1. Company information

Foresight Solar Fund Limited (the "Company") is a closed-ended company with an indefinite life and was incorporated in Jersey under the Companies Law (Jersey) 1991, as amended, on 13 August 2013, with registered number 113721. The address of the registered office is: 28 Esplanade, St Helier, Jersey, JE4 2QP.

The Company has one investment, Foresight Solar (UK Hold Co) Limited ("UK Hold Co").

UK Holdco has investments in four subsidiaries: FS Holdco Limited ("FS Holdco"), FS Holdco 3 Limited ("FS Holdco 3"), FS Holdco 4 Limited ("FS Holdco 4") and FS Top Holdco 2 Limited ("Topco"). FS Holdco 3 in turn has an investment in a subsidiary, SGP Holdings 1 Limited ("SGP Holdings 1") which in turn holds has an investment in Second Generation Portfolio 1 ("SGP 1"). Topco in turn has an investment in a subsidiary, Foresight Intermediate Solar Holdings Limited ("FISH"); FISH in turn has an investment in a subsdiary, FS Holdco 2 Limited ("FS Holdco 2") and FS Holdco 2 in turn has an investment in a subsidiary, FS Debtco Limited ("FS Debtco"). FS Holdco, FS Debtco, FS Holdco 3, SGP 1 and FS Holdco 4 invest in further holding companies (the "SPVs") which then invest in the underlying solar investments.

The principal activity of the Company, UK Hold Co, FS Holdco, Topco, FISH, FS Holdco 2, FS Debtco, FS Holdco 3, SGP Holdings 1, SGP 1, FS Holdco 4, and the SPVs (together "the Group") is investing in operational UK and Australian ground based solar power plants.

2. Summary of significant accounting policies

2.1 Basis of presentation

The Unaudited Interim Financial Statements (the "Interim Financial Statements") for the period 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2020 have been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 'Interim Financial Reporting' ("IAS 34").

The Interim Financial Statements do not include all the information and disclosures required in the annual Financial Statements, and should be read in conjunction with the annual Financial Statements as at 31 December 2019.

These are not statutory accounts in accordance with Article 105 of the Companies Law (Jersey) 1991, as amended and the financial information for the period ended 30 June 2020 has been neither audited nor formally reviewed. Statutory accounts in respect of the period to 31 December 2019 have been audited and reported on by the Company's auditors and delivered to the Registrar of Companies and included the report of the auditors which was unqualified and did not contain a statement under Article 113B (3) or 113B (6) of the Companies Law (Jersey) 1991. No statutory accounts in respect of any period after 31 December 2019 have been reported on by the Company's auditors or delivered to the Registrar of Companies.

2.2 Going concern

Since the start of January 2020, the outbreak of coronavirus, which is a rapidly evolving situation, has adversely impacted global commercial activities. The rapid development and fluidity of this situation precludes any prediction as its ultimate impact, which may have a continued adverse impact on economic and market conditions and trigger a period of global economic slowdown.

The Directors acknowledge the pandemic has impacted the Financial Statements as at 30 June 2020 as a result of lower power price forecasts reducing the net asset value. However, the Directors do not believe there is any impact on the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The Directors refer to cash flow forecasts prepared by the Investment Manager for the period of at least 12 months following the date of these accounts, which includes assessment of the severe possible downside resulting from COVID-19.

In making this assessment the Investment Manager has considered the largely predictable revenue streams stemming from the underlying portfolio companies trading on solar sites, a large proportion of which is fixed and with a government backed counterparty. Despite the reduction in power prices driven by a reduced forecast electricity demand as a result of COVID-19 induced economic restrictions, the Directors have concluded that the impacts of movements in market prices do not significantly impact the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The Directors have considered forward looking power prices assumptions by third party providers in making this assessment.

The Manager is monitoring developments relating to coronavirus and is coordinating its operational response based on existing business continuity plans and on guidance from global health organisations, relevant governments, and general pandemic response best practices.

Brexit continues to present certain risks in relation to the operation of the UK solar portfolio (discussed in note 19.4) and the Asset Manager continues to monitor the robust spare parts provision in the UK and continues to work with the operating and maintenance providers and their downstream suppliers to ensure any downtime is minimised across the portfolio as much as possible.

Based on this assessment, the Directors believe that it remains appropriate to prepare the financial statements on a going concern basis. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that would result from the basis of preparation being inappropriate.

2.3 Changes in accounting policies and disclosures

New and revised IFRSs adopted by the Company

The Directors have assessed all new standards and amendments to standards and interpretations which are effective for annual periods after 1 January 2020 and have deemed none of them to be applicable to the Company.

New and revised IFRSs in issue but not yet effective

There are no standards, amendments or interpretations in issue at the reporting date which are effective after 1 January 2020 that are deemed to be material to the Company.

2.4 Consolidation

Associates

Associates are entities over which the Company has significant influence, being the power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of the investee (but not control or joint control).

Subsidiaries

All subsidiaries are entities over which the Company has control. The Company controls an entity when the Company is exposed to, or has the rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity.

Investment Entity

Qualifying entities that meet the definition of an investment entity are not required to produce a consolidated set of Financial Statements and instead account for subsidiaries at fair value through profit or loss.

The defined criteria of an 'investment entity' are as follows:

It holds more than one investment;

It has more than one investor;

It has investors that are not related parties to the entity; and

It has ownership interests in the form of equity or similar interests.

However, the absence of one or more of these characteristics does not prevent the entity from qualifying as an 'investment entity', provided all other characteristics are met and the entity otherwise meets the definition of an 'investment entity':

It obtains funds from one or more investors for the purpose of providing those investor(s) with professional investment management services;

It commits to its investor(s) that its business purpose is to invest funds solely for returns from capital appreciation, investment income or both; and

It measures and evaluates the performance of substantially all of its investments on a fair value basis.

As discussed in note 1, the Company has one direct subsidiary, a 100% controlling interest in UK Hold Co and a number of indirect subsidiaries and associates. The investment in UK Hold Co is held at net asset value on the Statement of Financial Position in line with the International Private Equity and Venture Capital 2018 ("IPEVC") Valuation Guidelines.

Under IFRS 10 "Consolidated Financial Statements", the Directors deem that the Company is an investment entity and therefore the Company does not consolidate its subsidiary but carries it at fair value through profit or loss. The Company does not meet all the defined criteria of an 'investment entity' as the Company only has one investment. However, the Directors deem that the Company is nevertheless an 'investment entity' as the remaining requirements have been met and, through the Group, there is a diverse investment portfolio which will fill the criteria of having more than one investment. Therefore, the Company qualifies as an 'investment entity'.

As UK Hold Co is not consolidated, its subsidiaries (plus their underlying investments) are not separately presented at fair value through profit or loss in the Company's accounts.

3. Critical accounting estimates and judgements

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgement in the process of applying the Company's accounting policies.

The Board considers that the only areas where management make critical estimates and judgements that may have a significant effect on the financial statements are in relation to the valuation of investments at fair value through profit and loss, significant judgements and key sources of estimation uncertainty related to the determination that the Company meets the definition of an investment entity.

The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis of making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis.

The Board considers that the determination that the Company meets the definition of an investment entity involves significant judgement because the entity does not possess all the typical characteristics of an investment entity. While the absence of one or more of the typical characteristics of an investment entity described in IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements does not immediately disqualify an entity from being classified as an investment entity. The entity is required to disclose its reasons for concluding that it is nevertheless an investment entity if one or more of these characteristics are not met. In order to reach that conclusion of whether the Company meets the definition of an investment entity the Board had to make significant judgements.

The Board considers that the fair value of investments not quoted in an active market involves critical accounting estimates because it is determined by the Directors using their own valuation models, which are based on valuation methods and techniques generally recognised as standard within the industry. Models use observable data to the extent practicable. However, they also rely on significant unobservable inputs about the output of the asset (including assumptions such as solar irradiation and technological performance of the asset), power prices, operating costs, discount and inflation rates applied to the cash flows, and the duration of the useful economic life of the asset. The Directors calculate the fair value of the investments based on information received from the Investment Manager. The Investment Manager's assessment of fair value of investments is determined in accordance with the International Private Equity and Venture Capital 2018 ("IPEVC") Valuation Guidelines, using a Discounted Cash Flow valuation methodology. Furthermore, changes in these inputs and assumptions could affect the reported fair value of financial instruments. The determination of what constitutes 'observable' requires judgement by the Company. The Company considers observable data to be market data that is readily available, regularly distributed or updated, reliable and verifiable, not proprietary, and provided by independent sources that are actively involved in the relevant market.

4. Interest income


30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

Interest on loan notes

16,618

17,203

34,110

Interest on shareholder loans

3,077

2,495

5,089


19,695

19,698

39,199

Loan notes were issued by the Company to UK Hold Co for the purchase of investments. Interest is payable at 9% per annum in arrears on each Interest Payment Date (28/29 February and 31 August each year). Where interest is not paid on the payment date, it will compound and future interest shall accrue at 11% per annum from the due date up to the date of actual payment, compounding on each Interest Payment Date. The loan notes balance at period end on which interest is charged is £250,000,000 (30 June 2019: £250,000,000, 31 December 2019: £250,000,000). These loans form part of the fair value of the investments as per note 14.

A Shareholder loan is created when the total amount paid by the Company on behalf of UK Hold Co to acquire the underlying investments is more than the total loan notes issued by the Company to UK Hold Co. Interest is accrued at 2% per annum and is repayable in full on demand. The shareholder loan balance at period end is £304,316,450 (30 June 2019: £158,609,725, 31 December 2019: £304,316,450). These loans form part of the fair value of the investments as per note 14.

5. Management fees

The Investment Manager of the Company was Foresight Group CI Limited Following an internal restructuring at Foresight Group on 26 February 2020, Foresight Group LLP (the "Investment Manager") has replaced Foresight Group CI Limited as investment manager to the Company.

The Investment Manager receives an annual fee of 1% of the Net Asset Value ("NAV") of the Company up to £500m and NAV in excess to this is charged at 0.9% per annum. This is payable quarterly in arrears and is calculated based on the published quarterly NAV. For the period ended 30 June 2020, the Investment Manager was entitled to a management fee of £2,907,302 (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £2,971,549, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £5,966,823) of which £1,433,487 was outstanding as at 30 June 2020 (30 June 2019: £1,506,292, 31 December 2019: £1,571,139).

6. Administration and Accountancy fees

Under an Administration Agreement, the Administrator of the Company, JTC (Jersey) Limited, is entitled to receive minimum annual administration and accountancy fees of £156,000 (2019: £156,000) payable quarterly in arrears. For the period ended 30 June 2020, total administration and accountancy fees were £91,000 (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £82,557, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £186,358) of which £136,500 was outstanding as at 30 June 2020 (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £39,000, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £45,500).

7. Directors' fees

No members of staff were employed during the period (period ended 30 June 2019: nil, year ended 31 December 2019: nil).

Total Directors' fees were £107,500 (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £85,000, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £196,444). The increased fees for the period are due to an additional Board member for the full period.

8. Other Expenses


30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

Legal and professional fees

200

187

542

Other expenses

1

2

58


201

189

600

Included within legal and professional fees is £18,850 (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £11,250, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £32,500) relating to the accrual of the 2020 audit fees. There were no other fees paid to the auditors for non-audit services (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £nil, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £nil).

9.Earnings per Ordinary share - basic and diluted

The basic and diluted loss per Ordinary Share for the Company is 4.42 pence per share (period ended 30 June 2019: 1.71 profit, year ended 31 December 2019: 1.89 loss). This is based on the loss for the period of £26,743,535 (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £9,397,313 profit, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £10,750,671 loss) and on 605,680,167 (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: 548,941,550, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: 567,804,584) Ordinary Shares, being the weighted average number of shares in issue during the period.

There is no difference between the weighted average ordinary or diluted number of shares.

10. Interest receivable


30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

Interest receivable on loan notes

59,098

61,017

50,780

Interest receivable on shareholder loan

20,850

13,173

17,773


79,948

74,190

68,553

Information about the Company's exposure to credit and market risk and impairment losses for interest receivable is included in note 19.

11. Trade and other receivables


30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

Prepaid expenses

-

8

5

Other receivables

250

250

250


250

258

255

Information about the Company's exposure to credit and market risk and impairment losses for trade and other receivables is included in note 19.

12. Cash and cash equivalents


30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

Cash at bank

4,655

5,710

18,933


4,655

5,710

18,933

Information about the Company's exposure to credit and market risk and impairment losses for cash and cash equivalents is included in note 19.

13. Trade and other payables


30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

Accrued expenses

1,654

1,646

1,716

Amounts due to subsidiaries*

187

187

187


1,841

1,833

1,903

*Amounts due to subsidiaries are unsecured, interest free and repayable on demand.

14. Investments at fair value through profit or loss

The following table presents the Company's investments at fair value through profit or loss:



30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

Investment in UK Hold Co

Equity

-

-

-


Loans

499,055

523,215

542,186



499,055

523,215

542,186






Book cost as at 1 January


554,315

499,315

499,315

Opening investment holding (losses)/gains


(12,129)

30,872

30,872

Valuation as at 1 January


542,186

530,187

530,187






Movements during the period





  Purchase at cost


-

-

55,00

  Investment holding (losses)/gains


(43,131)

(6,972)

(43,001)

Valuation as at 30 June/ 31 December


499,055

523,215

542,186






Book cost as at 30 June/ 31 December


544,315

499,315

554,315

Closing investment holding (losses)/gains


(55,260)

23,900

(12,129)



499,055

523,215

542,186

The Company has one investment in Foresight Solar (UK Hold Co) Limited ("UK Hold Co"). This investment consists of both debt and equity (Share Capital of £100) and is not quoted in an active market. Accordingly, the investment in UK Hold Co has been valued using its net assets.

In turn, UK Hold Co has four investments in FS Holdco Limited ("FS Holdco"), FS Holdco 3 Limited ("FS Holdco 3"), FS Holdco 4 Limited ("FS Holdco 4") and FS Top Holdco 2 Limited ("Topco"). FS Holdco 3 has one investment in SGP Holdings 1 Limited ("SGP Holdings 1") which in turn has one investment in Second Generation Portfolio 1 ("SGP 1"). Topco has one investment in Foresight Intermediate Solar Holdings Limited ("FISH"). FISH has one investment in FS Holdco 2 and FS Holdco 2 has one investment in FS Debtco Limited ("FS Debtco"). These investments also consist of both debt and equity and are not quoted in an active market. FS Holdco and FS Debtco are fair valued using their net asset value as reported at year end, with adjustments to their long term external debt to reflect the fact that the carrying value at amortised cost is not considered to be the best approximation of their fair value. FS Holdco 3, SGP Holdings 1, SGP 1, FS Holdco 4, FISH, FS Holdco 2 and Topco are fair valued using their net asset value as reported at year end.

In turn, FS Holdco, FS Holdco 2, FS Debtco, FS Holdco 3. SGP 1 and FS Holdco 4's investment portfolios consist of unquoted investments in solar projects, the valuations of which are based on a discounted cash flow methodology (as set out in note 16) for solar projects that are operational.

Fair value hierarchy

IFRS 13 "Fair Value Measurement" requires disclosures relating to fair value measurements using a three-level fair value hierarchy. The level within which the fair value measurement is categorised in its entirety is determined on the basis of the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Assessing the significance of a particular input requires judgement, considering factors specific to the asset or liability. The following table shows investments recognised at fair value, categorised between those whose fair value is based on:

(a) Level 1 - Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

(b) Level 2 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable; and

(c) Level 3 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable.

All investments held at fair value through profit or loss are classified as level 3 within the fair value hierarchy.

As UK Hold Co's net asset value is not considered observable market data the investment in UK Hold Co has been classified as level 3. There were no movements between levels during the period.

As at 30 June 2020:


Level 1

£'000

Level 2

£'000

Level 3

£'000

Total

£'000

Unquoted investment

-

-

499,055

499,055


-

-

499,055

499,055

As at 30 June 2019:


Level 1

£'000

Level 2

£'000

Level 3

£'000

Total

£'000

Unquoted investment

-

-

523,215

523,215


-

-

523,215

523,215

As at 31 December 2019:


Level 1

£'000

Level 2

£'000

Level 3

£'000

Total

£'000

Unquoted investment

-

-

542,186

542,186


-

-

542,186

542,186

 

Sensitivity Analysis

Due to the nature of the Group structure and the underlying valuation basis of UK Hold Co, FS Holdco, Topco, FISH, FS Holdco 2, FS Debtco, FS Holdco 3, FS Holdco 4 and the underlying solar project investments, the valuation of the Company's investment at fair value through profit or loss is directly linked to the valuation of the underlying solar investments. Therefore, the unobservable inputs driving the valuation of the Company's investments in UK Hold Co are directly attributable to the valuation of the unquoted investments in FS Holdco, FS Debtco, FS Holdco 3 and FS Holdco 4 which are discussed further in note 16.

15. Subsidiaries and associates

Investments in subsidiaries

Name

Direct or indirect holding

Country of incorporation

Principal activity

Proportion
of shares and voting rights held

Foresight Solar (UK Hold Co) Limited ("UK Hold Co")

Direct

UK

Holding Company

100%

FS Holdco Limited ("FS Holdco")

Indirect

UK

Holding Company

100%

FS Holdco 2 Limited ("FS Holdco 2")

Indirect

UK

Holding Company

100%

FS Debtco Limited ("FS Debtco")

Indirect

UK

Holding Company

100%

FS Holdco 3 Limited ("FS Holdco 3")

Indirect

UK

Holding Company

100%

Second Generation Portfolio Holdings 1

Indirect

UK

Holding Company

100%

FS Holdco 4 Limited ("FS Holdco 4")

Indirect

UK

Holding Company

100%

FS Wymeswold Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Castle Eaton Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Pitworthy Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Highfields Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS High Penn Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Hunter's Race Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Spriggs Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Bournemouth Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Landmead Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Kencot Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Copley Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Port Farms Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Membury Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Southam Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Atherstone Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Paddock Wood Solar Farm Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

Atherstone Hold Co Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

Southam Hold Co Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

Paddock Wood Hold Co Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Shotwick Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Sandridge Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Wally Corner Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

Acquisition Co 4 Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Welbeck Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Trehawke Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Homeland Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Marsh Farm Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Steventon Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Fields Farm Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Gedling Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Sheepbridge Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Tengore Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Cuckoo Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Field House Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Upper Huntingford Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Abergelli Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Crow Trees Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Yarburgh Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Nowhere Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Bilsthorpe Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Bulls Head Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Roskrow Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Abbeyfields Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Lindridge Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Misson Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Pentre Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Playters Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS PS Manor Farm Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS SV Ash Solar Park Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

FS Pen Y Cae Solar Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

Second Generation Portfolio 1

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

100%

Oakey 2 Asset Company Pty Limited

Indirect

Australia

SPV Holding Company

100%

Wymeswold Solar Farm Limited ("Wymeswold")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Castle Eaton Solar Farm Limited ("Castle Eaton")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Pitworthy Solar Farm Limited ("Pitworthy")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Highfields Solar Farm Limited ("Highfields")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

High Penn Solar Farm Limited ("High Penn")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Hunter's Race Solar Farm Limited ("Hunter's Race")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Spriggs Solar Farm Limited ("Spriggs")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Bournemouth Solar Farm Limited ("Bournemouth")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Landmead Solar Farm Limited ("Landmead")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Kencot Hill Solar Farm Limited ("Kencot")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Copley Solar Limited ("Copley")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Port Farms Solar Limited (Port Farm")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Membury Solar Limited ("Membury")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Atherstone Solar Farm Ltd ("Atherstone")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Southam Solar Farm Ltd ("Southam")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Paddock Wood Solar Farm Ltd ("Paddock Wood")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Shotwick Solar Limited ("Shotwick Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Sandridge Solar Power Limited ("Sandridge")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Wally Corner Limited ("Wally")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Foresight Solar Australia Pty Limited

Indirect

Australia

Investment

100%

RE Oakey Pty Limited

Indirect

Australia

Investment

100%

Oakey Network Pty Limited

Indirect

Australia

Investment

100%

Longreach Asset Company Pty Limited

Indirect

Australia

Investment

100%

Second Generation Yardwall Limited ("Yardwall")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Second Generation Verwood Limited ("Verwood")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Second Generation Park Farm Limited ("Park Farm")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Second Generation Coombeshead Limited ("Coombeshead")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Second Generation Sawmills Limited ("Sawmills")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Welbeck Limited ("Welbeck")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Trehawke Limited ("Trehawke")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Homeland Limited "(Homeland")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Marsh Farm Limited ("Marsh Farm")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Steventon Limited ("Steventon")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Fields Farm Limited ("Fields Farm")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Gedling Limited ("Gedling")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Sheepbridge Limited ("Sheepbridge")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Tengore Limited ("Tengore")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Cuckoo Limited ("Cuckoo")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Field House Limited ("Field House")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Upper Huntingford Limited ("Upper Huntingford")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Abergelli Limited ("Abergelli")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Crow Trees Limited ("Crow Trees")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Yarburgh Limited ("Yarburgh")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Nowhere Solar Limited ("Nowhere Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Bilsthorpe Solar Limited ("Bilsthorpe Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Bulls Head Solar Limited ("Bulls Head Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Roskrow Solar Limited ("Roskrow Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Abbeyfields Solar Limited ("Abbeyfields Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Lindridge Solar Limited ("Lindridge Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Misson Solar Limited ("Misson Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Pentre Solar Limited ("Pentre Solar)

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Playters Solar Limited ("Playters Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

PS Manor Farm Solar Limited ("PS Manor Farm Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

SV Ash Solar Park Limited ("SV Ash Solar Park")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Pen Y Cae Solar Limited ("Pen Y Cae Solar")

Indirect

UK

Investment

100%

Kiamco Hanwha Foresight Bannerton Pty Limited

Indirect

UK

SPV Holding Company

48.50%

Longreach New Holdco Pty Limited

Indirect

Australia

Investment

49%

Oakey 1 New Holdco Pty Limited

Indirect

Australia

Investment

49%

 

16. Fair value of the investments in unconsolidated entities

Valuation process

Valuations are the responsibility of the Board of Directors. The Investment Manager is responsible for submitting fair market valuations of Group assets to the Directors. The Directors review and approve these valuations following appropriate challenge and examination. Valuations are carried out quarterly. The current portfolio consists of non-market traded investments and valuations are based on a discounted cash flow methodology. The Investment Manager's assessment of fair value of investments is determined in accordance with the International Private Equity and Venture Capital 2018 ("IPEVC") Valuation Guidelines, using levered and unlevered Discounted Cash Flow principles. The Investment Manager and Directors consider that the discounted cash flow methodology used in deriving a fair value is in accordance with the fair value requirements of IFRS 13. Certain investments held by FS Holdco 4 were valued at cost as at 30 June 2020, 30 June 2019 and 31 December 2019 as these projects were not yet operational, and are therefore not included in the sensitivity analysis on the following pages.

Useful economic lives ("UELs")

The valuation of the Company's investments is determined based on the discounted value of future cash flows of those investments over their UELs.

The UEL of individual assets is determined by reference to a fixed contractual lease term, and therefore, the Board and Manager do not consider that the UEL can have a significant impact on the valuation of the investments.

However, the Board notes that if extended contractual lease terms were negotiated for individual assets or an extension of the lease was deemed possible and appropriate, this would increase the value of those assets. Similarly, if the assets did not operate for the duration of the fixed contractual period, this would reduce the value of those assets.

Sensitivity analysis of significant changes in unobservable inputs within Level hierarchy of underlying Investments

The majority of the Company's underlying investments (indirectly held through its unconsolidated subsidiaries FS Holdco, FS Debtco, FS Holdco 3. SGP Holdings 1, TopCo, FISH and FS Holdco 4) are valued with reference to the discounted value of future cash flows. The Directors consider the valuation methodology used, including the key assumptions and discount rate applied, to be appropriate. The Board review, at least annually, the valuation inputs and where possible, make use of observable market data to ensure valuations reflect the fair value of the investments. A broad range of assumptions are used in the valuation models. These assumptions are based on long-term forecasts and are not affected by short term fluctuations in inputs, be it economic or technical.

The Directors consider the following to be significant inputs to the discounted cash flows ("DCF") calculation.

The base valuation of £859.1 million represents the levered discounted value of future cash flows of the underlying operational assets with assets under construction held at cost. The valuation of the Australian assets is net of debt.

Discount rate

The weighted average discount rate used is 6.83% (2019: 7.06%). The Directors do not expect to see a significant change in the discount rates applied within the Solar Infrastructure sector. Therefore a variance of +/- 0.5% is considered reasonable.


-0.50%

-0.25%

Base

+0.25%

+0.50%

Base valuation (£m)

892.9

875.7

859.1

842.9

827.3

Change in portfolio valuation (£m)

33.9

16.7

-

(16.1)

(31.8)

NAV per share change (pence)

5.6

2.7

-

(2.7)

(5.2)

 

Production

Base case production is a function of a number of separate assumptions including irradiation levels, availability of the sites and technical performance of the equipment. A sensitivity of +/-10% is considered reasonable given stable levels of irradiation, contractual availability guarantees and understanding of future performance levels of the equipment.


-10%

Base

+10%

Base' valuation (£m)

747.0

859.1

970.0

Change in portfolio valuation (£m)

(112.0)

-

110.9

NAV per share change (pence)

(18.5)

-

18.3

 

Power Price

DCF models assume power prices that are consistent with the Power Purchase Agreements ("PPA") currently in place. At the PPA end date, the model reverts to the power price forecast.

The power price forecasts are updated quarterly and based on power price forecasts from leading independent sources. The forecast assumes an average annual increase in power prices in real terms of approximately 1.3%.

During the year, c.59% of the investment's operational revenues came from Regulatory support mechanisms. The remaining c.41% of revenue is derived from electricity sales which are subject to power price movements.

The latest blended curves applied to the underlying portfolio is an average -8% below the pre COVID curve. This includes the current impact of COVID, and anticipated recovery, which has driven down demand for fuels and thereby reducing wholesale power prices.

The investment manager has reviewed the impact of not receiving cash distributions from the underlying solar invest for a 6 month period following the pandemic outbreak. The result of the highly unlikely scenario of PPA offtakers and government not being able to pay for the output generation and subsequent subsidies, was the Group's shareholder dividends would have to be reduced or delayed. The group would still be able to meet its financing obligations, operational costs and administrative costs due to the healthy cash balances within the group.


-20.0%

-10.0%

Base

+10.0%

+20.0%

Base valuation (£m)

754.6

806.5

859.1

911.9

964.9

Change in portfolio valuation (£m)

(104.5)

(52.5)

-

52.9

105.9

NAV per share change (pence)

(17.2)

(8.7)

-

8.7

17.5

 

Inflation

A variable of 0.5% to 1.0% is considered reasonable given historic fluctuations. A long term inflation rate of 2.75% (2019: 2.75%) has been used.


-1.0%

-0.5%

Base

+0.5%

+1.0%

Base valuation (£m)

786.2

821.5

859.1

898.7

940.8

Change in portfolio valuation (£m)

(72.9)

(37.5)

-

39.7

81.8

NAV per share change (pence)

(12.0)

(6.2)

-

6.5

13.5

 

Operating costs (investment level)

Operating costs include operating and maintenance ("O&M"), insurance and lease costs. Other costs are fixed and are therefore not considered to be sensitive to changes in unobservable inputs. Base case costs are based on current commercial agreements. We would not expect these costs to fluctuate widely over the life of the assets and are comfortable that the base case is prudent. A variance of +/- 5.0% is considered reasonable, a variable of 10.0% is shown for information purposes.


-10.0%

-5.0%

Base

+5.0%

+10.0%

Base valuation (£m)

876.6

867.8

859.1

850.3

841.5

Change in portfolio valuation (£m)

17.6

8.8

-

(8.8)

(17.6)

NAV per share change (pence)

2.9

1.5

-

(1.4)

(2.9)

 

Tax rate

A variable of 1.0% is considered reasonable given historic information.


-1.0%

Base

+1.0%

Base valuation (£m)

860.5

859.1

857.6

Change in portfolio valuation (£m)

1.5

-

(1.5)

NAV per share change (pence)

0.2

-

(0.2)

 

AUD/GBP Exchange Rate

The Company is directly exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency due to its investments in Australian dollar denominated assets. Whilst the Group mitigates its exposure to fluctuations in AUD through the use of forward contracts, the valuations of these assets will be directly impacted. Whilst we would not expect to see fluctuations quite this large, a variable of 20% is considered appropriate.


-20.0%

-10.0%

Base

+10.0%

+20.0%

Base valuation (£m)

849.0

854.0

859.1

864.1

869.1

Change in portfolio valuation (£m)

(10.0)

(5.0)

-

5.0

10.0

NAV per share change (pence)

(1.7)

(0.8)

-

0.8

1.7

 

17. Stated Capital and Share Premium

The share capital and share premium of the Company consists solely of Ordinary Shares of nil par value and therefore the value of the stated capital relates only to share premium. At any General Meeting of the Company each Shareholder will have, on a show of hands, one vote and on a poll one vote in respect of each Ordinary Share held. Stated capital is the net proceeds received from the issue of Ordinary Shares (net of issue costs capitalised). The holders of the Ordinary Shares are entitled to receive dividends from time to time.

Authorised Ordinary Shares


30 June

2020

Shares

30 June

2019

Shares

31 December

2019

Shares

Ordinary shares - nil par value

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Issued Ordinary Shares


30 June

2020

Shares

30 June

2019

Shares

31 December

2019

Shares

Opening balance

605,196,526

548,941,550

548,941,550

Issued during the period/year

-

-

54,894,155

Scrip dividends issued during the period/year

1,115,370

-

1,360,821

Closing balance

606,311,896

548,941,550

605,196,526

 


30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

Opening balance

624,922

588,798

558,798

Proceeds from share issue

-

-

65,324

Value of scrip dividends issued

1,252

-

1,610

Less: issue costs capitalised

-

-

(810)

Closing balance

626,174

588,798

624,922

 

18. NAV per Ordinary Share

The Net Asset Value ("NAV") per redeemable Ordinary Share for the Company is 96.0 pence per ordinary share (period ended 30 June 2019: 109.6, year ended 31 December 2019: 103.7) This is based on the Net Asset Value at the reporting date of £582,066,505 (30 June 2019: £601,540,008, 31 December 2019: £628,023,734) and on 606,311,896 (30 June 2019: 548,941,550, 31 December 2019: 605,196,526) redeemable Ordinary Shares, being the number of Ordinary Shares in issue at the end of the period.

19. Financial instruments and risk profile

The Company holds cash and liquid resources as well as having receivables and payables that arise directly from its operations. The underlying investments of the Company's investment activities indirectly expose it to various types of risk associated with solar power. The main risks arising from the Company's financial instruments are market risk, liquidity risk, credit risk and interest rate risk.

The Directors regularly review and agree policies for managing each of these risks and these are summarised below:

19.1 Market risk

(a) Foreign exchange risk

Foreign currency risk, as defined in IFRS 7, arises as the values of recognised monetary assets and monetary liabilities denominated in other currencies fluctuate due to changes in foreign exchange rates. Transactions in foreign currency are translated at the foreign exchange rate ruling at the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are translated to pounds sterling at the foreign exchange rate ruling at that date. Foreign exchange differences arising on translation are recognised in income.

The Company has no direct exposure to foreign currency risk, however through its underlying investment in FS Holdco 4 it has indirect exposure. FS Holdco 4 is directly exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency due to its investments in Australian dollar denominated assets. The Group mitigates its exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency through the use of forward exchange contracts.

The carrying amount of FS Holdco 4's foreign currency exposure at the reporting date is as follows:


30 June

2020

£'000

30 June

2019

£'000

31 December

2019

£'000

AUD

50,092

60,292

50,185

 

The FX rate applied at 30 June 2020 0.56 (30 June 2019: 0.53, 31 December 2019: 0.53). A 10% weakening or strengthening of the FX rate would have a £5,092,000 impact on the valuation of assets denominated in AUD (30 June 2019: £6,029,200, 31 December 2019: £5,018,500).

(b) Price risk

The Company's investments are susceptible to market price risk arising from uncertainties about future values of the instruments. The Board's Investment Manager provides the Company with investment recommendations. The Investment Manager's recommendations are reviewed and approved by the Board before the investment decisions are implemented. To manage the market price risk, the Investment Manager reviews the performance of the investments on a regular basis and is in regular contact with the management of the non current investments for business and operational matters.

Price risk is the risk that the fair value or cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate due to changes in market prices. At 30 June 2020, the Company's only investment was valued at net assets excluding the outstanding loans issued by the Company. Were this value to increase by 10%, the increase in net assets attributable to shareholders for the period would have been £49,905,537 (30 June 2019: £52,321,494, 31 December 2019: £54,218,661). The impact of changes in unobservable inputs to the underlying investments is considered in note 16.

(c) Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. The Company's exposure to the risk of changes in market interest rates relates primarily to the Company's long-term borrowing to its subsidiary. At period end the Company had no long term lending with third parties (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £Nil, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £Nil).


Total portfolio

30 June 2020

Weighted average interest rate

30 June 2020

Weighted average time for which rate is fixed

30 June 2020


£'000

%

Days

Loan notes

250,000

11.00%

1,327

Shareholder loans

304,316

2.00%

1,834

Cash

4,655

0.05%

-


558,971








Total portfolio

30 June 2019

Weighted average interest rate

30 June 2019

Weighted average time for which rate is fixed

30 June 2019


£'000

%

Days

Loan notes

250,000

11.00%

961

Shareholder loans

249,316

2.00%

1,652

Cash

5,710

0.05%

-


505,026








Total portfolio

31 December 2019

Weighted average interest rate

31 December 2019

Weighted average time for which rate is fixed

31 December 2019


£'000

%

Days

Loan notes

250,000

11.00%

1,145

Shareholder loans

304,316

2.00%

1,652

Cash

18,933

0.05%

-


573,249



 

19.2 Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will not be able to meet its financial obligations as they fall due as a result of the maturity of assets and liabilities not matching. An unmatched position potentially enhances profitability, but can also increase the risk of losses. Liquidity could be impaired by an inability to access secured and/or unsecured sources of financing to meet financial commitments. The Board monitors the Company's liquidity requirements to ensure there is sufficient cash to meet the Company's operating needs.

30 June 2020


Carrying amount

£'000

Contractual Total

£'000

Less than 6 months

£'000

6 to
12 Months

£'000

Greater than
 12 months

£'000

Financial Assets






Investments

499,055

499,055

-

-

499,055

Trade and other Receivables

250

250

250

-

-

Interest receivable

79,948

79,948

79,948

-

-

Cash and cash equivalents

4,655

4,655

4,655

-

-







Total Financial assets

583,908

583,908

84,853

-

499,055

Trade and other payables

(1,841)

(1,841)

(1,841)

-

-

Total financial liabilities

(1,841)

(1,841)

(1,841)

-

-

Net position

582,067

582,067

83,012

-

499,055

 

30 June 2019


Carrying amount

£'000

Contractual Total

£'000

Less than 6 months

£'000

6 to
12 Months

£'000

Greater than
 12 months

£'000

Financial Assets






Investments

523,215

523,215

-

-

523,215

Trade and other Receivables

258

258

258

-

-

Interest receivable

74,190

74,190

74,190

-

-

Cash and cash equivalents

5,710

5,710

5,710

-

-







Total Financial assets

603,373

603,373

80,158

-

523,215

Trade and other payables

(1,833)

(1,833)

(1,833)

-

-

Total financial liabilities

(1,833)

(1,833)

(1,833)

-

-

Net position

601,540

601,540

78,325

-

523,215

 

31 December 2019


Carrying amount

£'000

Contractual Total

£'000

Less than 6 months

£'000

6 to
12 Months

£'000

Greater than
 12 months

£'000

Financial Assets






Investments

542,186

542,186

-

-

542,186

Trade and other Receivables

255

255

255

-

-

Interest receivable

68,553

68,553

68,553

-

-

Cash and cash equivalents

18,933

18,933

18,933

-

-







Total Financial assets

629,927

629,927

87,741

-

542,186

Trade and other payables

(1,903)

(1,903)

(1,903)

-

-

Total financial liabilities

(1,903)

(1,903)

(1,903)

-

-

Net position

628,024

628,024

85,838

-

542,186

 

19.3 Credit risk

a) Exposure to credit risk

Credit risk refers to the risk that a counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in financial loss to the Company.

The Company places cash with authorised deposit takers and is therefore potentially at risk from the failure of such institutions.

In respect of credit risk arising from other financial assets and liabilities, which mainly comprise of cash and cash equivalents, exposure to credit risk arises from default of the counterparty with a maximum exposure equal to the carrying amounts of these instruments. In order to mitigate such risks, cash is maintained with major international financial institutions. During the period and at the reporting date, the Company maintained relationships with the following financial institutions:


Moody's

Credit

Rating

30 June

2020

£'000

Cash in hand:



  Royal Bank of Scotland International Limited P2

P2

4,655

Total cash balances held by banks


4,655

 


Moody's.

Credit

Rating

30 June

2019

£'000

Cash in hand:



  Royal Bank of Scotland International Limited P2

P1

5,708

  Lloyds Bank International Limited

P1

2

Total cash balances held by banks


5,710

 


Moody's

Credit

Rating

31 December

2019

£'000

Cash in hand:



  Royal Bank of Scotland International Limited P2

P2

18,933

Total cash balances held by banks


18,933

 

The Company is also indirectly exposed to credit risk through its investment in UK Hold Co. The Board of UK Hold Co has determined that the maximum exposure to credit risk in relation to investments is £607,327,419, being the portion of UK Hold Co investments that are made up of loans as at 30 June 2020 (30 June 2019: £610,239,946, 31 December 2019: £607,327,419). Included within this are the related party loans as disclosed within note 22 as well as an external long term debt facilities entered into by FS Holdco with FS Debtco and Santander and Natwest respectively. The balance of the external debt facilities as at period end amounted to £342,351,760 (30 June 2019: £251,057,609, 31 December 2019: £347,846,425).

b) Expected credit loss assessment

Investments held at fair value through profit or loss are not subject to IFRS 9 impairment requirements.

The Company applies the simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses, as permitted by IFRS 9, which uses a 12 month expected loss allowance for all trade receivables. The expected credit loss on trade receivables and the balance at year end was deemed by management to be not material and therefore no impairment adjustments were accounted for.

19.4 Other risks

Political and economic risk

The value of Ordinary Shares may be affected by uncertainties such as political or diplomatic developments, social and religious instability, changes in government policies, taxation or interest rates, currency repatriation and other political and economic developments in law or regulations and, in particular, the risk of expropriation, nationalisation, and confiscation of assets and changes in legislation relating to the level of foreign ownership.

Governmental authorities at all levels are actively involved in the promulgation and enforcement of regulations relating to taxation, land use and zoning and planning restrictions, environmental protection, safety and other matters. The introduction and enforcement of such regulations could have the effect of increasing the expense and lowering income or rate of return from, as well as adversely affecting the value of, the Company's assets.

For the Company's UK solar sites the main risks from Brexit that the Company still considers as material, are the stability of the operating and maintenance (O&M) companies that are employed across the portfolio and the supply chain of components as part of either corrective or preventative maintenance work.

In relation to the O&M companies themselves, all of the primary O&M companies across a majority of the UK portfolio are UK based operations who are wholly owned by UK entities.

The supply chain for spare parts is the other main risk that Asset Manager  foresees due to Brexit in terms of getting spare parts to sites promptly from other parts of the EU.

Whilst Brexit presents certain risks in relation to the operation of the UK solar portfolio the Asset Manager continues to ensure that there is a robust spare parts provision in the UK and continues to work with the O&M providers and their downstream suppliers to ensure down time is minimised across the portfolio as much as possible.

In recent months, the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted the Directors and the Investment Manager to assess the risks to the Company and the portfolio. The Directors consider the risks identified are still the material ones, but it is clear that COVID-19 has changed the way in which some of these risks may be experienced in the future. The key risk COVID-19 poses to the Company is a negative impact on the power price market, therefore adversely affecting the net asset value and distributions received from underlying solar investments. The power prices are therefore continuously reviewed by the Investment Manager, with a proportion of the assets opting to fix the power prices they receive in the short term. In respect of the operations of the underlying investments, the investment manager has reviewed the Business Continuity Plans of all sub-contractors and PPA offtakers and continues to review their performance during the pandemic.

The Directors do not believe there to be any material impact on the short-term cash flows of the Company and the Directors do not believe there is any materially adverse financial impact on the Financial Statements as at 30 June 2020 as a result of this event. The Manager is monitoring developments relating to coronavirus and is coordinating its operational response based on existing business continuity plans and on guidance from global health organisations, relevant governments, and general pandemic response best practices.

20. Capital Management

The Company's objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Group's ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders and to maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital.

In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Company may adjust the amount of dividends paid to shareholders, return capital to shareholders, issue new shares (up to its authorised number of shares) or sell assets to reduce debt.

 

21. Dividends


30 June

2020

£'000

2020 Pence/

Ordinary

share

30 June

2019

£'000

2019 Pence/

Ordinary

share

31 December

2019

£'000

2019 Pence/

Ordinary

share

Quarter 1

9,552

1.69

9,057

1.64

9,057

1.65

Quarter 2

9,662

1.69

9,058

1.64

9,058

1.65

Quarter 3

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

8,565

1.69

Quarter 4

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

9,317

1.69


19,214


18,115


35,997


During quarter one 575,063 shares at a value of £1.175 per share were issued in lieu of cash dividends. During quarter two 540,307 shares at a value of £1.066 per share were issued in lieu of cash dividends.

22. Related party disclosures

For the purposes of these Financial Statements, a related party is an entity or entities who are able to exercise significant influence directly or indirectly on the Company's operations.

As noted in Note 2, the Company does not consolidate its subsidiary. However, the Company and its subsidiaries (direct and indirect) are a Group and therefore, are considered to be related parties.

Transactions with UK Hold Co

For the period ended 30 June 2020:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2020

£'000

Increase in

loan/Interest

charged

£'000

Repayment
of loan/Interest

repaid

£'000

Closing Balance
as at
30 June
2020

£'000

Loan Notes

250,000

-

-

250,000

Interest on Loan Notes

50,780

16,618

(8,300)

59,098

Shareholder Loan 1

304,316

-

-

304,316

Interest on Shareholder Loan 1

17,773

3,077

-

20,850

Non interest bearing loan included in trade and other payables

187

-

-

187

 

For the period ended 30 June 2019:


Opening Balance
as at
1 January
2019

£'000

Increase in

loan/Interest

charged

£'000

Repayment
of loan/Interest

repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
30 June
2019

£'000

Loan Notes

250,000

-

-

250,000

Interest on Loan Notes

56,814

17,203

(13,000)

61,017

Shareholder Loan 1

249,316

-

-

249,316

Interest on Shareholder Loan 1

12,524

2,495

(1,846)

13,173

Non interest bearing loan included in trade and other receivables

183

4

-

187

 

For the year ended 31 December 2019:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in

loan/Interest

charged

£'000

Repayment
of loan/
Interest

repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
31 December 2019

£'000

Loan Notes

250,000

-

-

250,000

Interest on Loan Notes

56,814

34,110

(40,144)

50,780

Shareholder Loan 1

249,316

55,000

-

304,316

Interest on Shareholder Loan 1

12,524

5,089

160

17,773

Non interest bearing loan included in trade and other payables

184

1,850

(1,847)

187

 

Transactions between UK Hold Co and its underlying subsidiaries

Transactions with FS Holdco

For the period ended 30 June 2020:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January
2020

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment
of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance
as at
30 June
2020

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

343,731

-

-

343,731

Interest on investment loan 1

51,701

13,674

-

65,375

Interest bearing Investment loan 2

(40,000)

-

-

(40,000)

Interest on investment loan 2

(3,253)

(995)

-

(4,248)

Non interest bearing loan

(143,504)

-

-

(143,504)

Non interest bearing loan included in trade and other receivables

875

-

-

875

 

For the period ended 30 June 2019:


Opening Balance

as at 1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
30 June 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

343,731

-

-

343,731

Interest on investment loan 1

47,053

13,636

(10,532)

50,157

Interest bearing Investment loan 2

(40,000)

-

-

(40,000)

Interest on investment loan 2

(1,253)

(992)


(2,245)

Non interest bearing loan

(143,504)

-

-

(143,504)

Non interest bearing loan included in trade and other receivables

875

-

-

875

 

For the year ended 31 December 2019:


Opening Balance

as at 1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
31 December 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

343,731

-

-

343,731

Interest on investment loan 1

47,053

27,499

(22,851)

51,701

Interest bearing Investment loan 2

(40,000)

-

-

(40,000)

Interest on investment loan 2

(1,253)

(2,000)

-

(3,253)

Non interest bearing loan

(143,504)

-

-

(143,504)

Non interest bearing loan included in trade and other receivables

875

-

-

875

 

Transactions with Topco

For the year ended 30 June 2020:


Opening Balance

as at 1 January 2020

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
30 June 2020

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan

167,256

-

-

167,256

Interest on investment loan

-

4,717

(4,663)

54

Non interest bearing loan

(8,850)

(10,776)

-

(19,626)

Topco commenced trading after the prior year interim period and therefore no comparatives as at 30 June 2019 are shown.

 

For the year ended 31 December 2019:


Opening Balance

as at 1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
31 December 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan

-

167,256

-

167,256

Interest on investment loan

-

2,805

(2,805)

-

Non interest bearing loan

-

(8,965)

115

(8,850)

 

Transactions with FISH

There were no transactions between UK Holdco and FISH.

 

Transactions with FS Holdco

For the period ended 30 June 2020:

There were no transactions between UK Holdco and FS Holdco 2 for the period.

For the period ended 30 June 2019:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
30 June 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

74,894

-

-

74,894

Interest on investment loan 1

3,745

1,857

-

5,602

Interest bearing Investment loan 2

9,107

-

-

9,107

Interest on investment loan 2

42

226

-

268

Interest bearing Investment loan 3

33,094

-

-

33,094

Interest on investment loan 3

150

820

-

970

Interest bearing Investment loan 4

3,432

-

-

3,432

Interest on investment loan 4

6

85

-

91

Interest bearing Investment loan 5

46,500

-

-

46,500

Interest on investment loan 5

962

1,153

-

2,115

Interest bearing loan payable 1

(28,970)

-

-

(28,970)

Interest on loan payable 1

(1,449)

(718)

-

(2,167)

Interest bearing loan payable 2

(13,000)

-

-

(13,000)

Interest on interest bearing loan payable 2

(819)

(322)

-

(1,141)

Interest bearing loan payable 3

(7,082)

-

-

(7,082)

Interest on loan payable 3

(263)

(176)

-

(439)

Interest bearing loan payable 4

(8,386)

-

-

(8,386)

Interest on loan payable 4

(208)

(208)


(416)

Non interest bearing loan 1

(2,604)

(63)

-

(2,667)

Non interest bearing loan 2

(875)

-

-

(875)

 

For the year ended 31 December 2019:


Opening Balance

as at 1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance
as at
31 December 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

74,894

-

(74,894)

-

Interest on investment loan 1

-

2,185

(2,185)

-

Interest bearing Investment loan 2

9,107

-

(9,107)

-

Interest on investment loan 2

-

266

(266)

-

Interest bearing Investment loan 3

33,094

-

(33,094)

-

Interest on investment loan 3

-

966

(966)

-

Interest bearing Investment loan 4

3,432

-

(3,432)

-

Interest on investment loan 4

-

100

(100)

-

Interest bearing Investment loan 5

46,500

-

(46,500)

-

Interest on investment loan 5

-

1,357

(1,357)

-

Interest bearing loan payable 1

(28,970)

-

28,970

-

Interest on loan payable 1

(1,361)

(845)

2,206

-

Interest bearing loan payable 2

(13,000)

-

13,000

-

Interest on interest bearing loan payable 2

(819)

(379)

1,198

-

Interest bearing loan payable 3

(7,082)

-

7,082

-

Interest on loan payable 3

(263)

(207)

470

-

Interest bearing loan payable 4

(8,386)

-

8,386

-

Interest on loan payable 4

(208)

(245)

453

-

Non interest bearing loan 1

2,604

63

(2,667)

-

Non interest bearing loan 2

875

-

(875)

-

 

Transactions with FS Debtco

For the period ended 30 June 2020:


Opening Balance

as at

1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
30 June 2019

£'000

Interest bearing loan 1

55,000

-

-

55,000

Interest on loan 1

7,519

1,368

-

8,887

Non interest bearing loan

140

-

-

140

 

For the period ended 30 June 2019:


Opening Balance

as at 1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
30 June 2019

£'000

Interest bearing loan 1

55,000

-

-

55,000

Interest on loan 1

4,769

1,364

-

6,133

Non interest bearing loan

140

-

-

140

 

For the year ended 31 December 2019:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
31 December 2019

£'000

Interest bearing loan 1

55,000

-

-

55,000

Interest on loan 1

4,769

2,750

-

7,519

Non interest bearing loan

140

-

-

140

 

Transactions with FS Holdco 3

For the period ended 30 June 2020:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
30 June 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

36,124

-

-

36,124

Interest on investment loan 1

911

898

-

1,809

Non interest bearing loan payable

(2,595)

-

-

(2,595)

 

For the period ended 30 June 2019:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
31 December 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

36,124

-

-

36,124

Interest on investment loan 1

-

450

(450)

-

Non interest bearing loan payable

(317)

(3,259)

981

(2,595)

 

For the year ended 31 December 2019:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
31 December 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

36,124

-

-

36,124

Interest on investment loan 1

-

1,806

(895)

911

Non interest bearing loan payable

(317)

(3,259)

981

(2,595)

 

Transactions with FS Holdco 4

For the period ended 30 June 2020:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2020

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
31 December 2020

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

28,970

-

-

28,970

Interest on investment loan 1

2,897

720

-

3,617

Interest bearing Investment loan 2

12,482

-

-

12,482

Interest on investment loan 2

1,411

310

-

1,721

Interest bearing Investment loan 3

10,380

-

-

10,380

Interest on investment loan 3

904

258

-

1,162

Interest bearing Investment loan 4

8,386

-

-

8,386

Interest on investment loan 4

627

209

-

836

Interest bearing Investment loan 5

3,141

-

-

3,141

Interest on investment loan 5

264

77

-

341

Non interest bearing loan

1,506

-

(194)

1,312

 

For the period ended 30 June 2019:


Opening Balance

as at
1 January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at
30 June 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

28,970

-

-

28,970

Interest on investment loan 1

1,449

718

-

2,167

Interest bearing Investment loan 2

12,482

-

-

12,482

Interest on investment loan 2

786

310

-

1,096

Interest bearing Investment loan 3

10,380

-

-

10,380

Interest on investment loan 3

385

258

-

643

Interest bearing Investment loan 4

8,386

-

-

8,386

Interest on investment loan 4

208

208

-

416

Interest bearing Investment loan 5

3,141

-

-

3,141

Interest on investment loan 5

107

78

-

185

Non interest bearing loan

353

788

-

1,141

 

For the year ended 31 December 2019:


Opening Balance

as at 1

January 2019

£'000

Increase in loan/Interest charged

£'000

Repayment of loan/Interest repaid

£'000

Closing Balance

as at 31 December 2019

£'000

Interest bearing Investment loan 1

28,970

-

-

28,970

Interest on investment loan 1

1,489

1,408

-

2,897

Interest bearing Investment loan 2

12,482

-

-

12,482

Interest on investment loan 2

786

625

-

1,411

Interest bearing Investment loan 3

10,380

-

-

10,380

Interest on investment loan 3

385

519

-

904

Interest bearing Investment loan 4

8,386

-

-

8,386

Interest on investment loan 4

208

419

-

627

Interest bearing Investment loan 5

3,141

-

-

3,141

Interest on investment loan 5

110

154

-

264

Non interest bearing loan

353

1,153

-

1,506

 

Transactions between FS Holdco, FS Debtco, FS Holdco 3, FS Holdco 4 and their SPVs

All of the SPVs are cash generating solar farms (except for the non-operational Australian investments). On occasion revenues received and expenses are paid on their behalf by FS Holdco, FS Holdco 2, FS Debtco, FS Holdco 3 and FS Holdco 4. All of these transactions are related party transactions.

For the period ended 30 June 2020:


Opening Balance receivable/ (payable)

as at

1 January

2020

£'000

Amounts paid

on behalf of

SPV

2020

£'000

Amounts received

from

SPV

2020

£'000

Net amount

(payable)/ receivable

as at 30 June

2020

£'000

FS Holdco and its SPVs

(24,183)

11,510

(9,337)

(22,010)

FS Debtco and its SPVs

(834)

11,442

(6,894)

3,714

 

For the period ended 30 June 2019:


Opening Balance receivable/ (payable)

as at

1 January

2019

£'000

Amounts paid

on behalf of

SPV

2019

£'000

Amounts received

from

SPV

2019

£'000

Net amount

(payable)/ receivable

as at 30 June

2019

£'000

FS Holdco and its SPVs

(15,594)

11,225

(8,888)

(13,257)

FS Holdco 2 and its SPVs

(2,689)

1,819

(689)

(1,559)

FS Debtco and its SPVs

(2,763)

4,799

(3,353)

(1,317)

 

 


Opening Balance receivable/ (payable)

as at

1 January

2019

£'000

Amounts paid

on behalf of

SPV

2019

£'000

Amounts received

from

SPV

2019

£'000

Net amount

(payable)/ receivable

as at 31 December

2019

£'000

FS Holdco and its SPVs

(15,594)

29,987

(38,576)

(24,183)

FS Holdco 2 and its SPVs

(2,689)

2,689

-

-

FS Debtco and its SPVs

(2,763)

1,929

-

(834)

 

Transactions with the Investment Manager

The investment manager of the Company was Foresight Group CI Limited. Following an internal restructuring at Foresight Group on 26 February 2020, Foresight Group LLP has replaced Foresight Group CI Limited ("The Investment Manager") as investment manager to the Company.

The Investment Manager, a related party of Foresight Group CI, charged asset management fees to the underlying projects of £792,182 during the period (1 January 2019 to 30 June 2019: £792,182, 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019: £1,584,364).

23. Commitments and contingent liabilities

There are no commitments nor contingent liabilities.

24. Controlling party

In the opinion of the Directors, there is no controlling party as no one party has the ability to direct the financial and operating policies of the Company with a view to gaining economic benefits from its direction.

25. Post balance sheet events

There were no post balance sheet events requiring disclosure.

 

 

Advisors

Administrator & Company Secretary

JTC (Jersey) Limited
JTC House
28 Esplanade
St. Helier Jersey
JE4 2QP

Registrar

Computershare Investor Services (Jersey)
Queensway House
Hilgrove Street
St. Helier Jersey
JE1 1ES

Corporate Broker

Jefferies
100 Bishopsgate,
London
EC2N 4JL

Investment Manager

Foresight Group LLP
The Shard
32 London Bridge Street
London
SE1 9SG

Legal Advisors to the Company as to English Law

Dickson Minto W.S.
Broadgate Tower
20 Primrose Street
London
EC2A 2EW

Legal Advisors to the Company as to Jersey Law

Ogier
Ogier House
The Esplanade
St. Helier
Jersey
JE4 9WG

Legal Advisors to the Company as to the Acquisition of
Solar Assets

Osborne Clarke
One London Wall
London
EC2Y 5EB

Independent Auditor

KPMG LLP
15 Canada Square
London
E14 5GL

 

Glossary of Terms

AEMO

Australian Energy Market Operator

AIC

The Association of Investment Companies

AIC Code

The Association of Investment Companies Code of Corporate Governance

AIC Guide

The Association of Investment Companies Corporate Governance Guide for Investment Companies

AIFs

Alternative Investment Funds

AIFMs

Alternative Investment Fund Managers

AIFMD

The Alternative Investment Fund Management Directive

Asset Manager

The Company's underlying investments have appointed Foresight Group LLP, a subsidiary of Foresight Group CI, to act as Asset Manager

BSUoS

Balancing Services Use of System

BBSY

Bank Bill Swap Bid Rate

Company

Foresight Solar Fund Limited

CEFC

The Clean Energy Finance Corporation

DCF

Discounted Cash Flow

DNO

Distribution Network Operator

EEA

European Economic Area

EPC

Engineering, Procurement & Construction

ESG

Environmental, Social and Governance

EUA

European Emission Allowances

FiT

Feed-in Tariff. The Feed-in-Tariff scheme is the financial mechanism introduced on 1 April 2010 by which the UK Government incentivises the deployment of renewable and low-carbon electricity generation of up to 5MW of installed capacity.

GAV

Gross Asset Value on Investment Basis including debt held at SPV level

GFSC

Guernsey Financial Services Commission

Group Borrowing

Group Borrowing refers to all third-party debt by the Company and its subsidiaries.

GRESB

Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark

GWh

Gigawatt hour

Hibernacula

A shelter occupied during the winter by a dormant animal

IAS

International Accounting Standard

IFRS

International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the EU

Investment Manager

Foresight Group CI Limited

IPEV Valuation Guidelines

International Private Equity and Venture Capital Valuation Guidelines

IPO

Initial Public Offering

KID

Key Information Document

KPMG LLP

KPMG is the Company's Auditor

LGC

Large-Scale Generation Certificate

LIBOR

London Interbank Offered Rate

Listing Rules

The set of FCA rules which must be followed by all companies listed in the UK

LRET

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Target. The LRET creates a financial incentive in Australia for the establishment and growth of renewable energy power stations, such as wind and solar farms, or hydroelectric power stations

Main Market

The main securities market of the London Stock Exchange

MIDIS

Macquarie Infrastructure Debt Investment Solutions

MLF

Marginal Loss Factor

MUFG

Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ

MWh

Megawatt hour

NAV

Net Asset Value

NEG

National Energy Guarantee

OBR

Office for Budget Responsibility

Official List

The Premium Segment of the UK Listing Authority's Official List

Ofgem

Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (UK Government regulator)

O&M

Operation and Maintenance contractors

PPA

Power Purchase Agreements

PR

Performance Ratio

PRI

Principles for Responsible Investment

PRIIPS

Packaged Retail and Insurance-Based Investment Products

PV

Photovoltaic

RET

Renewable Energy Target

RO Scheme

The financial mechanism by which the UK Government incentivises the deployment of large-scale renewable electricity generation by placing a mandatory requirement on licensed UK electricity suppliers to source a specified and annually increasing proportion of electricity they supply to customers from eligible renewable sources or pay a penalty.

ROC

Renewable Obligation Certificates

RPI

The Retail Price Index

SCR

Significant Code Review

SDG

United Nations Sustainable Development Goal

SPV

The Special Purpose Vehicles which hold the Company's investment portfolio of underlying operating assets

TCR

Targeted Charging Review

UK

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

 

 

 

 

 

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Quick facts: Foresight Solar Fund

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Market: LSE
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